Dog

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DOG. A well known domestic animal. In almost all languages this word is, a term or name of contumely or reproach. See 3 Bulst. 226; 2 Mod. 260; 1 Leo. 148; and the title action on the case for defamation in the Digests; Minsheu's Dictionary.
     2. A dog is said at common law to have no intrinsic value, and he cannot therefore be the subject of larceny. 4 Bl. Com. 236; 8 Serg. & Rawle, 571. But the owner has such property in him, that he may maintain trespass for an injury to his dog; "for a man may have property in some things which are of so base nature that no felony can be committed of them, as of a bloodhound or mastiff." 12 H. VIII. 3; 18 H. VIII. 2; 7 Co. 18 a; Com. Dig. Biens, F; 2 Bl. Com. 397; Bac. Ab. Trover, D; F. N. B. 86; Bro. Trespass, pl. 407 Hob. 283; Cro. Eliz. 125; Cro. Jac. 463 2 Bl. Rep.
     3. Dogs, if dangerous animals, may lawfully be killed, when their ferocity is known to their owner, or in self-defence 13 John. R. 312; 10 John. R. 365; and when bitten by a rabid animal, a dog may be lawfully killed by any one. 13 John. R. 312.
     4. When a dog, in consequence of his vicious habits, becomes a common nuisance, the owner may be indicted. And when he commits an injury, if the owner had a knowledge of his mischievous propensity, he is liable to an action on the case. Bull. N. P. 77; 2 Str. 1264; Lord Raym. 110. 1 B. & A. 620; 4 Camp. R. 198; 2 Esp. R. 482; 4 Cowen, 351; 6 S. & R. 36; Addis. R. 215; 1 Scam. 492 23 Wend 354; 17 Wend. 496; 4 Dev. & Batt. 146.
     5. A man has a right to keep a dog to guard his premises, but not to put him at the entrance of his house, because a person coming there on lawful business may be injured by him, and this, though there may be another entrance to the house. 4 C. & P. 297; 6 C. & P. 1. But if a dog be chained, and a visitor so incautiously go near him that he is bitten, he has no right of action against the owner. 3 Chit. Bl. 154, n. 7. Vide Animal; Knowledge; Scienter.

References in periodicals archive ?
A generalized linear modeling framework was used to investigate seroprevalence patterns in domestic dogs and wildlife with a binary outcome (seronegative or seropositive) and binomial error structure.
Anderson and her collaborators compared DNA collected from 41 black, white and gray wolves in the Canadian Arctic and 224 black and gray wolves in Yellowstone National Park with that of domestic dogs and gray and black coyotes.
We examined the potential role of domestic dogs in transmission of SFG Rickettsia.
In July 2005, a total of 65 domestic dog deaths were reported in Ayida village (Figure 1), which was just 2 km from the nearest wolf pack in Worgona Valley.
The modern domestic dog, however, is often fed commercially prepared foods, or even home- cooked foods which may not always reproduce the "natural" diet and may lack certain micronutrients.
Asked to summarise his findings by the prosecutor Elwen Evans QC, Dr Ogden said: "I found extremely strong support the hairs came from a domestic dog and moderate support the hair came from Meg.
The Kangal Dog is a Turkish breed of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris), and is regarded as the national breed of Turkey.
Among this year's topics are the genomic enzymology of antibiotic resistance, the evolution of sex chromosomes in insects, principles and mechanisms of protein homeostasis and the phenotype manifestation of genetic diversity, the challenge to understanding the genetics of arbuscular mycorrhiza, genome analysis in the domestic dog, and circadian control of global gene expression patterns.
Thus, based on the interest to reproduce specimens in captivity, besides the possibility of specimens relocation among different institutions, along with the probability that specimens kept in captivity are descendants from populations early geographically isolated, the goals of the present study were to analyze the chromosome group of Speothos venaticus, in order to obtain cytogenetic data that could be supplemented to the available in literature; to evaluate the transferability of microsatellite markers from the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) to the bush dog (Speothos venaticus); and to verify, based on the obtained results, the polymorphism degree of the selected loci, the genetic variability and the possibility of a pedigree analysis in these animals.
It is a comprehensive guide to the origins of the domestic dog, general canine behavior, natural selection, evolution and human manipulation of these processes.
Unlike the domestic dog that breeds twice annually, the dingo breeds only once a year and howls rather than barks.

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