duty

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Duty

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

duty

n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

duty

(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.

duty

(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
Some 140,000 jobs - 35,000 of them in the UK - are dependent on duty-free trade.
Global Duty-Free Retailers Market Size and Forecast to 2016" is based upon an extensive, cross-country, industry research program which brings together Canadean's research, modelling and analysis expertise in order to develop uniquely detailed market data.
On average, Britons allow pounds 500 spending money per person each holiday - pounds 75 of which is spent on duty-free.
When looking for a duty-free retailer, we asked for a blend of international couture, state-of-the-art technology, luxurious services-all while capturing the spirit and beauty of Texas," said Ken Buchanan, executive vice president of revenue management.
Brussels also says that self-policing of the allowances by duty-free shops doesn't work.
Several EU nations, including Britain, France and Germany, are seeking to overturn the EU's 1991 decision to scrap duty-free shopping.
Duty-free campaigners claim scrapping the concession, worth pounds 5billion to the EU economy, will costs thousands of jobs, especially at British channel ports, on ferries and among airline staff.
TORONTO -- Transactionware Enterprise Proves Its Scalability and Flexibility as Global POS Solution for World's Largest Duty-Free Retailer
Hopes of a change of heart are now remote, although the duty-free lobby is bound to step up pressure on EU governments in the last six months before duty-free sales are due to be scrapped once and for all.
Duty-free campaigners were convinced commissioners would waive their rights after abolition.
The decision is a serious blow to duty-free campaigners, who claim that up to 147,000 jobs - 35,000 of them in the UK - will be lost when duty- free trade comes to an end.
Mr Collie added that some 75 per cent of BAA's total duty-free sales were outside the EU and would be unaffected by the end of EU duty free.