Akiskal, who is also editor in chief of the Journal of Affective Disorders, noted that dysthymic disorder
shares many similarities to major depressive disorder, including a familial association, phase advance of REM sleep, diurnal variation, sleep deprivation response, response to antidepressants, and treatment-emergent hypomania.
Bill was a 22-year-old Caucasian male client who had struggled with dysthymic disorder
for approximately three years.
For major depression and dysthymic disorder
, the comparable comorbidity rates with any alcohol use disorders are 16.
Chronic pain is itself a stressor which can lead to sufficient changes causing symptoms of major depression or, if depressive symptoms persist more than two years, to dysthymic disorder
The first compared the internalizing disordered group (MDD or Dysthymic Disorder
(DD)) to the externalizing disordered group (CD or Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)).
Clinical depression, whether major depression, dysthymic disorder
, or adjustment disorder, has become a growing concern for the elderly population in the US.
2,3) Major depression and dysthymic disorder
affect between 5% and 10% of older adults seen in the primary care setting.
A nurse may have a dysthymic disorder
, the symptoms of which are shared with some of those for major depression, but are Less severe.
She was diagnosed with major depressive illness, chronic dysthymic disorder
, and a persistent personality disorder.
The methodology used in the earlier study on anxiety disorders was replicated by Azhar and Varma (2000) with similar studies on dysthymic disorder
(that is, depression; n = 64) (Azhar & Varma, 1995b) and major depression stemming from the bereavement (n = 30) (Azhar & Varma, 1995a), both of which were assessed based on DSM-III-R criteria.
Adams (2002) states that major depression is most often acute, readily treated, and does not tend to last for more than six months as opposed to a dysthymic disorder
which may last for years.
The psychopathological characteristics of group of people who committed suicide in the city of Medellin, 2000 to 2003 Suicides n = 108 Psychopathological characteristics (%) Psychiatric disorder (I) 97 (89,8) - major depressive episode 67 (62) - substance abuse or dependency 59 (54,6) Alcohol 46 (42,6) Cocaine 15 (13,9) Marihuana 26 (24,1) Benzodiazepines 9 (8,3) Inhalants 2 (1,9) opium-based substances 2 (1,9) - schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders 8 (7,4) - adaptive disorder 4 (3,7) - personality change due to frontal lesion 1 (0,9) - dysthymic disorder
1 (0,9) Personality disorder 18 (16,7) Psychiatric treatment 12 (11,1) Psychiatric hospitalisation during the last year 9 (8,3) Table 3.