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According to Wilson and Carston it is the additional information introduced in the discourse context, combined with information given in the constituent concepts of the utterance, that enables the hearer to place restrictions on the range of relevant interpretations (expectation) and anticipate which encyclopaedic information is most relevant in determining what the utterance means (priming of encyclopaedic entries).
Also, the mention of "surgeon" primes particular encyclopaedic entries of BUTCHER
The skeptic's grounds for suspicion are supported by indications that, even for the examples that we have considered, Wilson and Carston need to doctor information in the encyclopaedic entries and in the discourse context to yield the required results.
and propose the following (partial) list of encyclopaedic entries for BLOCK OF ICE:
The problem for Wilson and Carston, therefore, is to show that their account can explain metaphors without projecting their meanings into the list of encyclopaedic entries after which, of course, the interpretation of the metaphor is trivial.
Their proposal relies on there being, for every utterance with emergent properties, a discourse context that guides their interpretation in the right way by generating expectations and priming encyclopaedic entries.
When the speaker does this, however, the hearer forms the wrong expectations and primes exactly the wrong encyclopaedic entries.
Suppose that we allow for favorable discourse contexts to guide our expectations of relevance in the right direction, and we are charitable in what we allow in the way of encyclopaedic entries of the operative concepts in a metaphor.
As such, there is no problem with emergent properties because a hearer of the metaphor "Sally is a block of ice" already has access to encyclopaedic information that incorporates psychical and psychological categories, i.
Precisely what component of the concept COLD is loosened to extend its encyclopaedic entries to include EMOTIONALLY UNRESPONSIVE?
To see how this works, however, we need to take into account the different kinds of information encoded in concepts, logical and encyclopaedic, to which these pragmatic processes are applied.
The ad hoc concept will also have relevantly updated encyclopaedic entries to accord with the modification of the logical entry.