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Alveolar derecruitment at decremental positive end-expiratory pressure levels in acute lung injury: comparison with the lower inflection point, oxygenation, and compliance.
Hemodynamic data was recorded at three successive tidal volumes (VT of 6, 8, and 10 mL/kg) during zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and after the addition of 10 cm H2O PEEP for each VT and hemodynamically instable (HI) patients were defined as those with >15% decrease in CI after the addition of PEEP.
Savian C, Paratz J, Davies A (2006) Comparison of the effectiveness of manual and ventilator hyperinflation at different levels of positive end-expiratory pressure in artificially ventilated and intubated intensive care patients.
Effect of mechanical ventilation and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on chest radiograph.
20-1 400 ml; 4 PEEP - positive end-expiratory pressure in the range of minutes.
Positive end-expiratory pressure was not applied and the inspiratory-to-expiratory time ratio was set to 1:2.
10) We recognised the importance of preventing the development of intrinsic (auto) positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) while maximising alveolar ventilation.
Other frequent characteristics were the use of high positive end-expiratory pressure during mechanical ventilation (4 patients) and the need for tracheostomy (5 patients).
25 despite several hours of attempting to improve oxygenation by conventional volume ventilation, optimized positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), recruitment maneuvers, pressure-controlled ventilation, prone positioning, and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation.
Olivier Desebbe at Louis Pradel Hospital in Lyon-Bron, France, studied the ability of PVI to predict the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on cardiac index (CI) in 21 mechanically-ventilated patients following cardiac surgery.
Anderson J, Qvist J, Kann T (1979) Recruiting collapsed lung through collateral channels with positive end-expiratory pressure.