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The following parameters were below the level in the control group: left ventricle end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricle end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (Q), stroke volume index (SVI), left ventricle end-diastolic volume/left ventricular myocardial mass (LVEDV/LVMM), stroke index (SI), left ventricle diastolic function--maximum later peak velocity (peak A) (LVDF-[V.
Reduction of end-systolic volume was 3-times larger in the C-Cure group compared to the control group (from 171 plus or minus 9 to 150 plus or minus 9mL, and from 167 plus or minus 8 to 159 plus or minus 8mL, p=0.
The researchers found that in women receiving hormone therapy, higher estrogen levels were associated with higher RV ejection fraction and lower RV end-systolic volume - both measures of the RV's blood-pumping efficiency - but not in women who were not on hormone therapy, nor in men.
The frame nearest to the R-wave peak in the electrocardiogram was used as the end-diastolic frame, and the frame with the smallest ventricular volume was taken to calculate the end-systolic volume.
The following clinical and echocardiographic variables were evaluated: QRS duration, left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVVs), interventricular (VV) delay, pre-ejection aortic time, pre-systolic mitral regurgitation, Q-left time (TDI), Q-right time (TDI), Q-PL (M-Mode), LVEF, dP/dt, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (sPAP), number of viable segments, NT- proBNP serum creatinine, NYHA functional class, 3rd heart sound, and Quality of Life Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) test.
Two-Year Outcomes in REVERSE Subanalysis Outcome CRT On CRT Off First heart failure hospitalization or death 12% 24% Clinical worsening 19% 34% LV ejection fraction (baseline 28%) 35% 30% LV end-systolic volume (baseline 95 mL/[m.

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