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Lifschitz's overall goal is to situate debates about this naturalistic origin of language and the dependency that ideas have on linguistic signs, within the Enlightenment rather than in Berlin's Counter Enlightenment.
Re-evaluating Berlin's Counter Enlightenment is at the heart of Carolina Armenteros and Richard A.
Here the contributors explore de Maistre's appreciation and utilization of the Cambridge Platonists (specifically Henry More and Ralph Cudworth); his criticism of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, whose literary characters served as foils to his own religious outlook; and the striking similarities between the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer's view of the Enlightenment and de Maistre's, even though no evidence exists that the former read the latter.
So the Catholic Enlightenment allied itself with reforming bishops, learned critics of papal powers, and secular rulers who asserted episcopal and national prerogatives against Rome and its allies.
There was no shortage of tensions and outright conflicts within the Catholic Enlightenment.
First, the link between renewed interest in the Catholic Enlightenment and the Second Vatican Council is inescapable.
At its origins, enlightenment had a progressive thrust because it demanded the overthrow of the old authorities--throne and altar.
We can say of our own time what Kant said of his: We live in the age of enlightenment though ours is not an enlightened age.
Continuing self-consciously in the tradition of Peter Gay, Jonathan Israel's most recent tome, Enlightenment Contested, analyzes the Enlightenment from a broader European and Atlantic World perspective, seeing within it a fundamental duality between the so-called "Moderate Mainstream" and the "Radical Enlightenment.
1) To a large extent the result of Pocock's own researches, there can now be little doubt but that the seventeenth-century English Revolutions generated many of the central Enlightenment values.
The Enlightenment thus turned out to have distinctly Calvinist roots.