executive clemency


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executive clemency

n. the power of a President in federal criminal cases, and the Governor in state convictions, to pardon a person convicted of a crime, commute the sentence (shorten it, often to time already served), or reduce it from death to another lesser sentence. There are many reasons for exercising this power, including real doubts about the guilt of the party, apparent excessive sentence, humanitarian concerns such as illness of an aged inmate, to clear the record of someone who has demonstrated rehabilitation or public service, or because the party is a political or personal friend of the Governor. (See: pardon)

References in periodicals archive ?
Policy as an Indicator of "Original Understanding": Executive Clemency in the Early Republic (1789-1817), at 6-7 (Nov.
43) The function of the OPA is to "receive requests for executive clemency in non-military cases and recommend action thereon," (44) and to act as a "liaison with the public during the pendency of a clemency petition.
Murphy thinks that though mistakes "are still possible" in executive clemency decisions, "the probability of such mistakes is surely reduced by a non-trivial degree" because those making clemency decisions "have a lot more time and a lot more information upon which to base their decisions than would ever be possible given the time and evidential limits imposed on a criminal trial that culminates in a sentence.
Illinois Board of Pardons to Governor Richard Yates, April 20, 1904, in Petition File of Harvey Van Dine for Commutation of Death Sentence, Illinois Board of Pardons, Executive Clemency Files, Illinois State Archives; Chicago Daily News, October 14,1916.
attend executive clemency in a constitutional democracy nor allay the
Davis himself would go further to help ex-convicts expunge their felony records--or, alternatively, win executive clemency or certificates of rehabilitation to help them gain employment.
Executive clemency was established by the states in order to provide relief to offenders who may have received excessive sentences, as well as to provide an executive check on the legislative and judicial branches of government.
Executive clemency is particularly important in cases involving actual innocence.
State Assembly Speaker Bob Hertzberg urged then-President Clinton to grant executive clemency to a former Encino cocaine dealer, the lawmaker's office confirmed Thursday.
Leonard Peltier's name was not on the final list of people who were granted executive clemency by out-going President Bill Clinton.
These boards and commissions are created by law and consist of the Administration Commission,(14) Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement Trust Fund,(15) Florida Land and Water Adjudicatory Commission,(16) State Board of Education,(17) State Board for Career Education,(18) Division of Bond Finance,(19) Electrical Power Plant and Transmission Line Siting Board,(20) and State Board of Executive Clemency.

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