According to current theories of the brain, executive functions
are located in areas of the frontal lobe and serve as a kind of orchestra conductor, regulating other areas that control planning, goal-setting, language production, and motor activity.
5) Impairment of executive function
has been clinically linked with functional impairment, poor medication adherence, increased level of care needed and even patient resistance to care.
have been summarised by Dawson and Guare (2004) as skills that help people decide what activities or tasks to pay attention to and which ones they will choose to do.
The researchers gave all participants the autobiographical memory test (AMT), a word-cuing technique aimed at assessing the degree of specificity of autobiographical memory and a 2-hour neuropsychological battery to assess general intelligence, attention, verbal memory, verbal fluency visual memory, and executive functions
Gerard Assessment of executive function
in preschool-aged children.
In a multivariate logistic regression equation that explained 43% of the variance in executive function
, an infarct location in the cortical gray matter and educational level were the only significant predictors.
EXIT25: The EXIT25 is a 25-item assessment of executive function
, scored from 0 to 50 with higher numbers representing worse performance .
When compared with peers in Control classrooms, the study found that children in Tools of the Mind were better at focusing attention in the face of distractions and had better working memory; core aspects of executive functions
, the neurological basis of self-regulation.
The study also found that children who participate in more structured activities-including soccer practice, piano lessons and homework-had poorer "self-directed executive function
," a measure of the ability to set and reach goals independently.
BOSTON - Combined results from two 6-month, randomized trials indicate that aerobic exercise improves executive function
to a significantly greater degree than do stretching and tone exercises in patients with mild cognitive impairment or mild insulin resistance, Laura Baker, Ph.
Group activities, like exercise, can also help unwind the tangle of diminished executive function
and social isolation, a damaging pair.
Teaching teens with ADD, ADHD & executive function
deficits; a quick reference guide for teachers and parents, 2d ed.