109) In practice, the FWS always designates an experimental population
as nonessential, affording them the least protection under the ESA.
We further conducted preliminary association study in an experimental population
McKittrick argued that the Canadian wolves transported to Yellowstone to create the experimental population
were neither endangered nor threatened because wolves in Canada are not endangered.
The threatened designation, which now applies to all gray wolves in the lower 48 states except for those in the Southwest, is accompanied by special rules to allow some take of wolves outside the experimental population
areas in the northern Rocky Mountains.
The project will be facilitated by a June 26 rule classifying the eastern migratory flock as a "nonessential experimental population
This DPS will retain the status of endangered; the nonessential experimental population
designation ill Arizona, New Mexico, and a small portion of Texas, remains unchanged.
The experimental population
rules and the recently proposed special rule for wolves listed as threatened would allow for harassment and killing of problem wolves.
The road to recovery for the Guam rail began in December 1989 when we initiated attempts to establish an experimental population
of rails on Guam's neighboring snake-free island of Rota in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
Although the reintroduction is intended to aid in the recovery of these mussel species, the term "nonessential" recognizes that the experimental population
is not essential to their survival.
A 1997 court ruling against management of the Idaho and Yellowstone wolves as an experimental population
has been appealed by the U.
The management flexibility allowed under an experimental population
designation has been instrumental for incorporating private lands into the reintroduction effort.
Cheats arise in the authors' experimental populations
and bring about collapse of the mats.