expulsion

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expulsion

noun ban, banishment, debarment, deprivation, detrusion, disbarment, discharge, disgorgement, dislodgment, dismissal, displacement, disqualification, driving out, effusion, ejection, ejectment, elimination, enforced withdrawal, eruption, eviction, exactio, excision, exclusion, excommunication, exile, expatriation, expelling, expulsio, extradition, isolation, ostracism, ouster, outlawing, permanent exxlusion, purge, putting out, rejection, removal, separation, suspension, termination of membership, throwing out
See also: banishment, deportation, discharge, dismissal, disqualification, eviction, exception, exclusion, expropriation, foreclosure, layoff, ostracism, outburst, outflow, rejection, removal

EXPULSION. The act of depriving a member of a body politic, corporate, or of a society, of his right of membership therein, by the vote of such body or society, for some violation of hi's. duties as such, or for some offence which renders him unworthy of longer remaining a member of the same.
     2. By the Constitution of the United States, art. 1, s. 5, Sec. 2, each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds' expel a member. In the case of John Smith, a senator from Ohio, who was expelled from the senate in 1807, the committee made a report which embraces the following points:
     3.-1. That the senate may expel a member for a high misdemeanor, such as a conspiracy to commit treason. Its authority is not confined to an act done in its presence.
     4.-2. That a previous conviction is, not requisite, in order to authorize the senate to expel a member from their body, for a high: offence against the United States.
     5.-3. That although a bill of indictment against a party for treason and misdemeanor has been abandoned, because a previous indictment against the principal party had terminated in an acquittal, owing to the inadmissibility of the evidence upon that indictment, yet the senate may examine the evidence for themselves, and if it be sufficient to satisfy their. minds that the party is guilty of a high misdemeanor it is a sufficient ground of expulsion.
     6.-4. That the 6th and 6th articles of the amendments of the Constitution of the United States, containing the general rights and privileges of the citizen, as to criminal prosecutions, refer only to prosecutions at law, and do not affect the jurisdiction of the senate as to expulsion.
     7.-5. That before a committee of the senate, appointed to report an opinion relative to the honor and privileges of the senate, and the facts respecting the conduct of the member implicated, such member is not entitled to be heard in his defence by counsel, to have compulsory process for witnesses, and to be confronted with his accusers. It is before the senate that the member charged is entitled to be heard.
     8.-6. In determining on expulsion, the senate is not bound by the forms of judicial proceedings, or the rules of judicial evidence; nor, it seems, is the same degree of proof essential which is required to convict of a crime. The power of expulsion must, in its nature, be discretionary, and its exercise of a more summary character. 1 Hall's Law Journ. 459, 465.
     9. Corporations have the right of expulsion in certain cases, as such power is necessary to the good order and government of corporate bodies; and the cases in which the inherent power may be exercised are of three kinds. 1. When an offence is committed which has no immediate relation to a member's corporate duty, but is of so infamous a nature as renders him unfit for the, society of honest men; such as the offences of perjury, forgery, and the like. But before an expulsion is made for a cause of this kind, it is necessary that there should be a previous conviction by a jury, according to the law of the land. 2. When the offence is against his duty as a corporator, in which case he may be expelled on trial and conviction before the corporation. 3. The third is of a mixed nature, against the member's duty. as a corporator, and also indictable by the law of the land. 2 Binn.448. See, also, 2 Burr., 536.
    10. Members of what are called joint stock incorporated companies, or indeed members of any corporation owning property, cannot, without express authority in the charter, be expelled, and thus deprived of their interest in the general fund. Ang. & Ames on Corp. 238. See; generally, Ang. & Ames on Corp. ch. 11; Willcock, on Mun. Cor. 270; 1 Co. 99; 2 Bing. 293.; 5 Day 329; Sty. 478; 6 Conn. R. 532; 6 Serg. & Rawle, 469; 5 Binn. 486.

References in periodicals archive ?
When asked when the expulsions would happen, Mr Lavrov was quoted as saying: "Soon.
Malacanang hailed the expulsion of the eight students but said they must also face criminal prosecution.
FTDES and Arci also urge Italy to bring to halt the illegal procedures of collective expulsions and publish the expulsion convention signed with Tunisia.
higher level departmental approval of all prep, year one and year two expulsions
pdf) study by Yale University's Child Study Center in New Haven, Connecticut, analyzed why black preschoolers are at the greatest risk for expulsion.
The Court had cited agreement with previous judgements of the court, where undue expulsions had been nullified.
Expulsions lays bare the extent to which the sheer complexity of the global economy makes it hard to trace lines of responsibility for the displacements, evictions, and eradications it produces--and equally hard for those who benefit from the system to feel responsible for its depredations.
The expulsions took place over three nights in January 1972 and at least in one case where the Bedouin refused to leave, the Israeli soldiers had fired in the air and began tearing down their tents.
Expulsions in BJP are normally done if some leaders become inconvenient for the top leadership.
Jewish Expulsions and Weather Shocks from 1100 to 1800"it explores whether there is a relationship between weather and growing season and the likelihood that the Jewish community would be expelledis this incredibly detailed dataset culled from the Encyclopaedia Judaica.
Les victimes de ces expulsions injustes d'Algerie reclament en effet la recuperation de leurs biens, leur indemnisation pour les prejudices subis et la reouverture des frontieres entre le Maroc et l'Algerie, lit-on dans un communique conjoint distribue lors d'une conference de presse, organisee a l'initiative de la Ligue marocaine pour la defense des droits humains (LMDDH) et l'Association des Marocains expulses d'Algerie (AMEA).
Douglas' aim is to survey all these expulsions while accepting that in the case of Yugoslavia much material is still unavailable.