Generally, internal motivation is associated with greater long-term change than is external motivation
(Deci and Ryan 1985).
The project focused on intrinsic and external motivation
in particular as they represent the polar ends of the motivation self-determination continuum as proposed by Ryan and Deci (2000; 2002), as these types of motivation have effectively been applied to exercise (Ryan & Deci, 2007) and as these types of motivation may give rise to different forms of athletic identity.
However, more controlling forms of motivation, such as introjected and external motivation
, had moderate positive correlations with the self-determined forms of motivation of intrinsic motivation and identified regulation.
This is not to say, that external motivation
and less self-determined forms of motivation are not influential, but they are less influential than the more internally regulated forms of motivation.
In addition, it was expected that persistent players should report lower ego orientation, introjected and external motivation
toward their sport than withdrawn players.
Conversely, external motivation
to respond without prejudice results from the desire to avoid negative reactions from others, if one were to respond with prejudice (Devine, et al.
Intrinsic or internal motivation is contrasted with extrinsic or external motivation
, where rewards or punishments are used to motivate the child from outside.
Grolnick added that external motivation
takes over, replacing their intrinsic motivation to study or practice.
In this sense, the highest average scores for physical education students were found in the four types of intrinsic motivation (general, knowledge, stimulation and achievement) as well as in integrated, identified and introjected extrinsic motivation, in contrast to external motivation
And that becomes the difference between internal motivation and external motivation
The theory postulates that human motivation can be developed toward intrinsic motivation, internalizing external motivation
by becoming gradually more autonomous in the level of external motivation
(from external regulation to introjected regulation, to identified regulation, and to integrated regulation) and strengthening self-determination (Ryan & Deci, 2000a, 2000b).
58) The most internalized form of external motivation
is "integrated regulation," which refers to behavior that an individual engages in because of a desired outcome, although not as a result of interest in the activity solely for its own sake.