A significant interaction was found between maternal education and family structure
(p < .
From the estimates of Equation 3, one can consider the following scenarios: (a) equalization of family structures
between blacks and whites; (b) the equalization of family structures
between 1976 and 1985; (c) the equalization of premarket treatment in the determination of family structure
; (d) the equalization of market treatment in the determination of earnings by race; and (e) the equalization of market treatment in the determination of earnings by gender.
Likewise, family structure
has not been part of the individual family measure, though Sander says, "We're talking about including it in the future.
In this context, hierarchy relates to both community and to family/extended family structures
(Kunce & Vales, 1984).
This essay draws on data from the 2000 and 2012 Program for International Student Assessment studies to compare the prevalence of single-parent families and how family structure
relates to children's educational achievement across countries.
Psychologist Linda Papadopoulos, pictured, said: "Interestingly, social norms of parenting and of the conventional family structure
are being challenged - no longer do we see the mum, dad and 2.
The second edition of Families in Global and Multicultural Perspective travels across geographic, cultural, and historical boundaries to explore the diversity of the world's families--in family structure
, processes, history, and social and environmental contexts.
This book provides national and 50-state trend data on the characteristics of low-income children over the past decade: parental education, parental employment, marital status, family structure
, race and ethnicity, age distribution, parental nativity, home ownership, residential mobility, type of residential area, and region of residence.
Dynamic dimensions of family structure
in low-income African American families: Emergent themes in qualitative research.
Bivariate analyses suggested that a number of factors were related to decreased levels of parental knowledge: being aged 15 or older, stating a race or ethincity other than black, having a family structure
other than mother only, having never given birth, not having used hormonal contraceptives at last sex or having never had sex, and having gone to a clinic for contraceptive services fewer than two times in the past year.
That, of course, is for working parents, or single parents, itself a phenomenon that does not encourage the traditional family structure
the "protection of the family is a responsibility of the State," and child custody disputes "involve decision-making by the State, within the limits of its sphere of authority, in a way that preserves the fundamental family structure