federal

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Federal

Relating to the general government or union of the states; based upon, or created pursuant to, the laws of the Constitution of the United States.

The United States has traditionally been named a federal government in most political and judicial writings. The term federal has not been prescribed by any definite authority but is used to express a broad opinion concerning the nature of the form of government.

A recent tendency has been to use the term national in place of federal to denote the government of the Union. Neither settles any question regarding the nature of authority of the government.

The term federal is generally considered to be more appropriate if the government is to be viewed as a union of the states. National is used to reflect the view that individual state governments and the Union as a whole are two distinct and separate systems, each of which is established directly by the population for local and national purposes, respectively.

In a more general sense, federal is ordinarily used to refer to a league or compact between two or more states to become joined under one central government.

federal

adjective allied, associated, banded, central, combined, confederate, federate, federative, foederatus, foedere sociatus, governmental, joined in a union, joint, leagued, merged, national, united
Associated concepts: federal aid, federal common law, feddral Constitution, federal courts, federal government, federal jurisdiction, federal law, federal offense, federal question, federal regulation, federal rights
See also: collective, mutual, national, public
References in periodicals archive ?
When the screeners were first federalized under the Aviation and Transportation Security Act of 2001, five airports were allowed to stay with private screening through a pilot program.
I myself attempted to do just that in The Federalized Militia Debate: A Neglected Aspect of Second Amendment Scholarship.
It is worth mentioning that this road was federalized in 2010 and declared a national highway.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov assured that Moscow has no intention to cross over the Ukrainian border, saying that there is no other path for Ukraine but to be federalized.
Our state-based system is far superior to the federalized system that our European Union friends have seen fit to recommend to us.
In 1952, Congress removed that requirement but provided that, in the absence of a national emergency, a state Guard unit could be federalized only with the governor's consent.
aviation industry's mandated switch to a federalized screening force after 9-11 got a lot of attention.
The interim constitution they announced in Baghdad after three exhausting days of negotiations offers a plausible framework for a democratic and federalized Iraq that defines itself as an Islamic country but embraces political and religious freedom.
The airport is also seeking to nearly double the size of its police force, remodel its baggage claim areas and build offices for TSA staff, air marshals, federalized screeners, police and explosive-detecting dog teams.
Since 9/11, a Republican administration has federalized airport security, imposed new unfunded mandates on local transportation authorities, and even flirted with moving the military into domestic police work.
The House version would have federalized airport security screening, but not necessarily those who do the screening.
In June, by "standing in the schoolhouse door" to block the enrollment of the first two black students at the last legally segregated state university, Wallace got himself shoved aside as a loser by federalized units of his own National Guard.