felony


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Felony

A serious crime, characterized under federal law and many state statutes as any offense punishable by death or imprisonment in excess of one year.

Under the early Common Law, felonies were crimes involving moral turpitude, those which violated the moral standards of a community. Later, however, crimes that did not involve mortal turpitude became included in the definition of a felony.Presently many state statutes list various classes of felonies with penalties commensurate with the gravity of the offense. Crimes classified as felonies include, among others, Treason, Arson, murder, rape, Robbery, Burglary, Manslaughter, and Kidnapping.

felony

n. 1) a crime sufficiently serious to be punishable by death or a term in state or federal prison, as distinguished from a misdemeanor which is only punishable by confinement to county or local jail and/or a fine. 2) a crime carrying a minimum term of one year or more in state prison, since a year or less can be served in county jail. However, a sentence upon conviction for a felony may sometimes be less than one year at the discretion of the judge and within limits set by statute. Felonies are sometimes referred to as "high crimes" as described in the U. S. Constitution. (See: sentence, misdemeanor)

felony

noun capital crime, crime graver than a missemeanor, criminal activity, criminal offense, gross offense, heinous crime, heinous misconduct, illegality, indictable offense, misdeed punishable by imprisonment, offense, offense punishable by imprisonment, transgression, violation of law, wrongdoing
Associated concepts: assault with intent to commit felony, capital felony, common law felony, compounding a felony, felonious intent, felony conviction, felony murder, substantive felony
Foreign phrases: Felonia, ex vi termini significat quodlibet capitale crimen felleo animo perpetratum.Felony by forceof the term, signifies any capital crime perpetrated with a criminal mind. Felonia implicatur in qualibet proditione. Felony is implied in every treason.
See also: burglary, crime, delict, homicide, housebreaking, misdeed

felony

a now archaic term of English law for crimes that by statute or by common law carried the death sentence and forfeiture on conviction. See MISDEMEANOUR. In some US states this still denotes more serious imprisonable crimes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adam Duncan, 25, of Herrin, pleaded guilty to possession of methamphetamine, a Class 3 felony and possession of hypodermic syringes and needles, a Class A misdemeanor.
Kendra Broadway, 20, of Murphysboro, pleaded guilty to methamphetamine precursor, a Class 2 felony.
Laura Sims, 52, of Marion, pleaded guilty to retail theft, a Class 3 felony.
44) The court held that violence may be part of the underlying felony, but the "other elements constituting the felony in which [the defendant was] engaged must be so distinct from that of the homicide as not to be an ingredient of the homicide.
To summarize, New York concluded that manslaughter may not act as the underlying felony in Rector (49) and, in Huter, that an assaultive felony may not act as the underlying felony when that felony's sole purpose is to inflict harm or death upon the victim.
Missouri was among the earliest adopters of the merger limitation in felony murder cases.
Rather a felon is held strictly liable for all killings committed by him or his accomplices in the course of the felony.
To survive a defense motion for a directed verdict, all the prosecution needs to do is offer evidence from which a reasonable jury could find (1) the actus reus of the underlying felony plus a death, (2) the mens rea of the underlying felony, and (3) the most basic causal connection between the commission or attempted commission of the underlying felony and the death.
Mukasey, the Second Circuit considered whether a second state possession conviction constitutes a felony under the CSA where the government could have prosecuted it as a recidivist offense.
40) Such an approach affords immigration judges too much discretion to inquire into an alien's criminal history, combine offenses for the first time in removal proceedings, and then determine hypothetically that the government could charge the alien with a federal felony.
Although murder traditionally requires that a defendant commit a killing with a culpable mental state, felony murder requires no culpable mental state as to the killing.
First, it seeks to prevent reckless or negligent killing during the commission of a felony.