feudal system


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feudal system

the social and economic system operating in England from the 11th century and in Scotland from the 12th century and having as its legal manifestation the holding (rather than ownership) of land via a hierarchical system of tenures. Historically it was based upon the receipt of land from the Crown in exchange for homage (a promise to fight for the superior in battle) and an oath of fealty (or fidelity). In England, the main incidents of feudal tenure were abolished in 1660 with the Tenures Abolition Act, although theoretically freehold land is still regarded as being held of the Crown. In Scotland, the feudal system declined in importance after the Land Tenure Reform Act 1974 and it is in the course of being abolished as a result of the Abolition of Feudal Tenure Act 2000. It is still relevant in the Channel Islands.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over time, subjects of the feudal system revolt against the political order by defining and representing their interests.
The feudal system had at its heart the notion of property responsibilities--which sat alongside property rights.
serf: a worker on the lowest rung of the feudal system.
We don't use Interdicts any more either, another relic of the feudal system of the past.
Future barony sales will not be affected by the Scottish Parliament's reform of the feudal system of land ownership.
Already disappearing were the days when a few favored individuals, relics of a feudal system of patronage, alone bore the financial and management burdens of dance training, concerts, and performing companies.
The Seven Samurai,'' which stars Toshiro Mifune, is about ronin - warriors who have lost their masters after Japan's feudal system collapsed in the 19th century and have no real means to sustain themselves - who agree to defend a poor village for only the payment of food.
W Southern's description of the feudal system and how Anseim's image reflects his feudal world view.
Such absolute power can easily corrupt, and it is no wonder that the feudal system there is humanly degrading.
The reforms he introduced were practical and involved abolishing the feudal system and centralizing control; maintaining a powerful standing army; regulating revenue by eliminating middlemen; issuing a new calendar; standardizing weights and measures; minting coins and encouraging trade, commerce and industry in a cash economy; undertaking the construction of roads, forts, and buildings for the security of the kingdom; and striving to acquire economic self-sufficiency.
The Chinese invaded Tibet in 1949, claiming that the Tibetan people needed to be "liberated" from an oppressive feudal system.
Under the feudal system, the lord of the manor settled arguments between serfs and meted out punishments for crimes.