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File

A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

A clerk files a document by endorsing it on the date it is received and retaining it in his or her office for inspection by the parties that it might concern.

file

1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions, and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow." 2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (pages) filed by both sides. Each case file has an assigned number, and each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server). 3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.

file

noun archive, card index, catalogue, classified index, docket, dossier, entry, folder, information, list, orderly arrangement of papers, record, record of the court, recorded information, register, registry, report, roll
Associated concepts: duly filed, file a brief, file a complaint, file a lien, file a mortgage, file a reply, file a reply brief, file a summons, file papers, filed in open court, filing fee, filing of a claim, reporting act

file

(Arrange), verb align, arrange methodically, array, assign places to, bring into order, catalogue, categorize, class, classify, codify, collocate, coordinate, distribute, fix the order, grade, graduate, group, limare, line up, make orderly, marshal, organize, pigeonhole, place in order, position, put in array, put in order, range, rank, reduce to order, regulate, set in order, set to rights, sort, subdivide, systematize

file

(Place among official records), verb book, calendar, chronicle, deliver an instrument, deposit among records of the court, docket, document, enroll, enter, inscribe, list, place an instrument in a place of deposit, place in official custody of the clerk, place on record, preserve permanently as a public record, put on record, receive an instrument officially, register, store in the archives
Associated concepts: docket, filing fee, filing of a deed, filing of a suit, filing of claims, filing of papers, filing of pleadings, late filing, time to file
See also: arrange, book, classify, defer, distribute, docket, dossier, enroll, enter, entry, erode, fix, index, ledger, lineup, organize, pigeonhole, record, register, sort, tabulate

file

to start a court action.
References in periodicals archive ?
4520, filed with the House Committee on Ways and Means and the Senate Committee on finance (7/13/04).
882-4(a)(2) in 1990, explicitly requiring a timely filed return as a prerequisite for receiving the benefit of deductions.
The IRS has made great strides in removing barriers by expanding the number of forms and attachments that can be filed electronically.
2) "Workers' Taxes Filed at Tyson," Arkansas Democrat Gazette (March 15, 1993).
Traditional records management has a two-part solution to the records accumulation syndrome: (1) abstain from duplicating, transmitting, or filing records unless necessary, and (2) dispose of what must be filed as soon as possible.
CPAid's Master Tax program can be filed directly to the IRS when combined with the company's Syntax communications software program.
6511 (a), X and Y had to file their 1994 refund claim within three years of the date they filed their 1994 return, or two years from the time they paid the tax, whichever is later.
The FTB strives to do these audits soon after the returns are filed to correct taxpayers who have mistakenly used it before they are ready to file their 2004 returns in the spring.
2002), the Ninth Circuit ruled that a refund claim made within three years of a non-timely filed return was valid.
Claim for credit or refund of an overpayment of any tax imposed by this title in respect of which tax the taxpayer is required to file a return shall be filed by the taxpayer within 3 years from the time the return was filed of 2 years from the time the tax was paid, whichever of such periods expires the later, or if no return was filed by the taxpayer, within 2 years from the time the tax was paid.
The result was that more than 20% of the clients' 2001 returns were electronically filed.
To the credit of the IRS National Office, the IRS is expected to publish a notice clarifying that a taxpayer that has a Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method, for a favorable method change pending on March 14, 2002, which was filed under Rev.