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Fire

The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.

fire

(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule

fire

(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy

fire

(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
The list of benefits to having a fireplace goes on and on including: More Affordable Heating As utility companies raise their rates, wood is the most inexpensive form of heating fuel, and even more so if you have access to free firewood.
Mark Duffy, director of the Fireplace Studio, has more than 30 years experience in the retail home improvement sector and had a very clear vision of what he wanted to achieve when he set up the company.
This is a safer bet as fireplace styles and trends come and go.
Contact Washington Fireplace Centre on 0191 416 5467 or visit the showroom at 16 Elswick Road, Armstrong Industrial Estate, Washington, opposite B&Q.
If the fireplace you want to restore seems to be complete though, wooden and metal ones are generally straight-forward for DIYers to repair and renovate (stone are best left to the experts).
Figure 4 is a view of a masonry fireplace in an older home where the fireplace was rarely used by the previous owner.
If time is of the essence, they can provide an estimate, measure up, manufacture and fit a fireplace for you in just a week in 99% of cases, covering a wide area throughout the North West.
For the Levine family, their outdoor living space built by Terrascaping includes a fire pit, a water feature and a fireplace, all of which allows them to use their family-friendly Westboro backyard in many ways.
A range of cost-effective high-efficiency systems are now available through the industry experts at My Fireplace.
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We may eventually trade this purely decorative fireplace for a woodstove with true heating ability.
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