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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.


(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule


(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy


(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
We are now taking this technology into fire applications by developing a lower density elastomer that can meet fireproof requirements when properly constructed with fabric reinforcement.
Paul Cusack, Fire and Polymers Manager at Fireproof.
The funds will be used to set up manufacturing, prepare packaging and start a direct to consumer marketing effort for his line of PYROMAX Fireproof Storage Boxes[R].
The strong demand for fireproof metal furnishings has prompted many local companies to invest in the industry to produce the fire proof equipment in the country.
Not surprisingly, building a fireproof Library was a recurrent theme of the letters Pardoe wrote and received.
the largest among them, plans to cut such insurance premiums in 31 prefectures, including those in northeastern and central Japan, in view of improved fireproof levels, they said.
It has undergone testing at independent facilities, and is now available in three forms--HOT-STOP Arc Deflection Blankets, Fireproof Blankets, and Fireproof Tape.
The Fireproof Building: Technology and Public Safety in the Nineteenth-Century American City.
The Paroc fireproof panel system comprises lightweight composite panels with a core of non-combustible stone wool bonded to colour-coated steel sheets.
Radware (Nasdaq: RDWR), a global provider of Intelligent Traffic Management (ITM) solutions that bring certainty to dynamic networks, announced recently that its FireProof product line now offers complete interoperability with Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration (ISA) Server 2000, providing real-time load balancing, high availability and clustering for ISA Servers.
COLIN McRAE has refused to don fireproof overalls and a full-face crash helmet for his first rally since his horrific crash three weeks ago.
Gallifords were contracted to fireproof the store room at the back of a shop.