These findings show that most first offenders have committed the crime of drunk driving before, tend to drive at high levels of intoxication, are usually problem drinkers or alcoholics, and will in all probability continue to drive drunk.
Specific findings include: a 77 percent decrease in recidivism among interlocked first offenders in West Virginia (Tippets and Voas, 1997), an 80 percent reduction in recidivism among interlocked first offenders in Quebec (Vezina, 2002), and a 95 percent reduction in recidivism among interlocked first offenders in Alberta (Voas, et al, 1999).
In New Mexico, sentences including mandatory ignition interlock use for first offenders increased dramatically after MADD New Mexico shared observational data with court officials.
Does Alcohol-Impaired Driving Recidivism among First Offenders More Closely Resemble that of Multiple Offenders?
New Mexico was the first state to pass a first offender ignition interlock law in 2005 and, currently, approximately 6300 interlock devices are installed annually in that state, substantially more per capita than in any other state.
National and local studies show that 8 percent to 9 percent of juvenile first offenders turn into chronic long-term offenders, she said.
However, the peer court study does not serve as a call for more severe intervention among low-risk first offenders, Wagner said.
Multiple Regression Analysis Against First Offender Membership (N=60 First Offenders & 226 JROTC Cadets)
Depicting the First Offender Profile Against AF JROTC Cadets Norm (N=308 Cadets, & N=60 First Offenders)
All parts scores when used in concert as predictors of first offenders membership were statistically significant; as were the t-statistics in Table 1 above.
The data contained in Table 5 depicts the reliability for all part scores on SELF for the combined group of Cadets and First Offenders.