lesion

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lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
ATP]-HI, there is a loss of heterozygosity involving a paternally derived mutation of the ABCC8 or KCNJ11 gene and a specific loss of maternal alleles of the imprinted chromosome region 11p15 resulting in a focal lesion (focal adenomatosis) (18).
All three studies provided similar results in predicting any focal lesion, with an average 90% sensitivity and 92% positive predictive value.
Out of 17 workers admitted in that period, we singled out the case histories of two patients whose focal lesions were established by ultrasonography and who received complete clinical examinations.
5) In 18% to 40% of women, benign focal lesions, such as endometrial polyps and fibroids, are common.
This team approach enables us to distinguish focal disease from diffuse disease, identify the specific site of the focal lesion and perform a surgical cure for the vast majority of children with focal hyperinsulinism.
Focal lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum in epileptic patients: antiepileptic drug toxicity?
For example, the seizure type of the West syndrome, which was considered a generalized epilepsy syndrome, was infantile spasms and EEGs showed generalized spike and wave discharges; however; many infants had a causative focal lesion and their epilepsy had been cured by focal resections.
Look out for a focal lesion which is up to 2mm in diameter.
Vagus nerve stimulation is used for cases where a focal lesion or focal epilepsy cannot be established.
2] was selected over the periphery and over the centre of the focal lesion, using the accumulation image.
Results: The ultrasound and CT findings included, in order of most common: single or multiple hypoechoic focal lesions, splenic abscess, calcifications (on CT), and isolated splenomegaly.