lesion

(redirected from focal lesion)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
Patients with deranged renal functions, extra hepatic malignancy, pregnancy, known history or showed hypersensitivity to contrast agent and patients whose focal lesions was cyst or abscess were excluded from study.
Some of the [beta]-cells within the focal lesion contain enlarged nuclei, but the absence of abnormal or enlarged islet cell nuclei in pancreas that is not adjacent to the focal lesions is essential to the classification as focal rather than diffuse HI (2).
All three studies provided similar results in predicting any focal lesion, with an average 90% sensitivity and 92% positive predictive value.
2,3) A secondary aim of this study was to analyse the difference in the haemodynamics between both benign and malignant focal lesions compared with normal breast parenchyma.
The ultrasonograph revealed a focal lesion of the left lobe of the liver, which was solid, partly mixed, and contained a predominantly hyperechoic zone (10 cm in diameter, including some smaller hypoechoic areas and beams spreading radially into the adjacent parenchyma).
9cm solid focal lesion in right breast subareolar region.
Any vascularity within the focal lesion should also be noted.
MRI spine showed focal lesion is seen in the D9 vertebral body.
Though TVS is the first imaging modality of choice for the evaluation, it has limitations in detecting small lesions, location of myoma and in differentiating diffuse and focal lesion.
Purulent material aspirated from a focal lesion should always be subjected to microbiological investigations.
The finding of mild hepatosplenomegaly was confirmed however the solid organs or bowel coils did not show any focal lesion in them (Figure 3).