capacity

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Related to forced vital capacity: pulmonary function test, forced expiratory volume, Restrictive Lung Disease

Capacity

The ability, capability, or fitness to do something; a legal right, power, or competency to perform some act. An ability to comprehend both the nature and consequences of one's acts.

Capacity relates to soundness of mind and to an intelligent understanding and perception of one's actions. It is the power either to create or to enter into a legal relation under the same conditions or circumstances as a person of sound mind or normal intelligence would have the power to create or to enter.

A person of normal intelligence and sound mind has the capacity to dispose of his or her property by will as he or she sees fit.

A capacity defense is used in both criminal and civil actions to describe a lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for one's action that nullifies the element of intent when intent is essential to the action, thereby relieving a person of responsibility for it.

An individual under duress lacks the capacity to contract; a child under the age of seven accused of committing a crime lacks criminal capacity.

capacity

(Aptitude), noun ability, ableness, aptness, capability, capableness, competence, competency, faculty, giftedness, potentiality, power, proficiency, qualification, range, reach, scope, skill, talent
Associated concepts: full capacity, lack of capacity, legal caaacity, lessened capacity, mental capacity, private capacity, proprietary capacity, quasi-judicial capacity, representative capacity, testamentary capacity, want of capacity
Foreign phrases: Sola ac per se senectus donationem testaaentum aut transactionem non vitiat.Old age does not alone and of itself vitiate a will, gift, or transaction. Furiosus stipulare non potest nec aliquid negotium agere, qui non intelligit quid agit. An insane person who knows not what he is doing, cannot contract nor transact any business. Furiosus nullum negotium contrahere potest. An insane person can make no contract. Furiosi nulla voluntas est. A madman has no will. Homo potest esse habilis et inhabilis diversis temmoribus. A man is capable and incapable at different times.

capacity

(Authority), noun accordance, allowance, authorization, certification, charter, consent, control, droit, enablement, jurisdiction, justification, leave, legal capacity, liberty, license, permission, permit, power, prerogative, privilege, qualification, right, sanction, sovereignty, stature, supremacy, warrant
Associated concepts: capacity to sue

capacity

(Job), noun assignment, function, position, role, situation, task

capacity

(Maximum), noun ampleness, amplitude, breadth, compass, comprehensiveness, containing power, extent, full complement, full extent, full volume, fullness, greatest amount, greatest extent, greatest size, holding ability, largeness, limit, limit of endurance, limitation, physical limit, plenitude, reach, room, scope, stretch, tankage, upper limit, volume

capacity

(Sphere), noun ambit, area, arena, bounds, division, domain, extent, field, jurisdiction, limits, orbit, pale, province, reach, realm, region, scope, specialty, stretch, territory
See also: ability, appointment, caliber, cargo, competence, coverage, employment, faculty, fitness, flair, gift, maximum, means, measurement, occupation, office, opportunity, penchant, performance, position, post, potential, propensity, province, pursuit, qualification, role, science, scope, space, sphere, sufficiency, technique

capacity

the ability of a person to effect a legal transaction. The paradigm natural person of full age and sound mind usually has full capacity. Others face limitations from time to time and system to system, such as, for example, the young, the mentally ill and corporations.

CAPACITY. This word, in the law sense, denotes some ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural, or artificial, for the performance of civil acts, depending on their state or condition, as defined or fixed by law; as, the capacity to devise, to bequeath, to grant or convey lands; to take; or to take. and hold lands to make a contract, and the like. 2 Com. Dig. 294; Dane's Abr. h.t.
     2. The constitution requires that the president, senators, and representatives should have attained certain ages; and in the case of the senators and representatives, that out these they have no capacity to serve in these offices.
     3. All laws which regulate the capacity of persons to contract, are considered personal laws; such are the laws which relate to minority and majority; to the powers of guardians or parents, or the disabilities of coverture. The law of the domicil generally governs in cases of this kind. Burge. on Sureties, 89.

References in periodicals archive ?
Physical activity related to Forced Vital Capacity and strength performance in a sample of young males and females.
he researchers also saw an improvement in forced vital capacity scores by 9.
Efficacy was assessed by pre-treatment and post-treatment pulmonary function evaluation measuring forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory flow 25-75% of FVC.
A total of 1,291 initially non-demented women aged 44-66 without cardiopulmonary disease had measurements of peak expiratory flow (PEF) performed in 1974, and both forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FE[V.
Pulmonary function testing showed a mild obstructive defect primarily affecting the small airways: forced vital capacity (FVC), 94%; forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FE[V.
At six months post-treatment, there was a statistically significant improvement in the estimated rate of decline in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), from -5.
The pooled analysis of INPULSIS data looked at annual decline in lung function in two pre-specified groups baseline forced vital capacity (FVC) of >70% (n=700) and ?
It was found that lean asthma patients had slightly greater forced expiratory volume in one second, or FEV1, and slightly greater ratio of FEV1 to forced vital capacity, both common measures of lung function.
Simple spirometry includes forced vital capacity (FVC), graphed as either a time-volume curve or as a flow- volume loop, slow vital capacity (SVC), and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV).
The primary efficacy outcome assessments were distance walked during six minutes (6-minute walk test, or 6MWT) as a measure of endurance, and percent predicted Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) as a measure of pulmonary function.
Qualifying spirometry values are a forced expiratory volume in the first second or forced vital capacity of [is less than or equal to] 80% of predicted using the Knudsen 1983 lung function predicted equations (44).
The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study showed a statistically significant increase in pulmonary capacity, as measured by Forced Vital Capacity, and demonstrated a positive trend in endurance, as measured by a six-minute walk test.