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Although God, by virtue of His almightiness, always already foreknows every eventual decision of His creatures, this very knowledge, by virtue of the free will of His creatures, is also always deferred.
Although he bridges between works and revelation by positing an inner person, on whom grace works, and an outer person, who moves in worldly communities and can be disciplined by works, (26) Luther is unequivocal about predestination in De servo arbitrio: "God foreknows nothing by contingency, but that He foresees, purposes, and does all things according to His immutable, eternal, and infallible will.
In his response to Erasmus in The Bondage of the Will, Luther maintained that "God foreknows nothing contingently, but that he foresees and purposes and does all things by his immutable, eternal, and infallible will.
Aragorn's heroic stature is most fully revealed in his death, which he foreknows and chooses.
That this long discussion may be at length concluded by a brief summary of the whole matter, we must hold that God foreknows all future events, but that he has not decreed them all absolutely: lest the consequence should be that sin in general would be imputed to the Deity, and evil spirits and wicked men exempted from blame.
103) The ethical consequences of this doctrine are disturbing: God's will, according to Calvin, is the active cause of every event or action, either good or evil; and God foreknows who will be damned and saved for the very good reason that he has willed it from all eternity.
Temporal fatalism occurs when God infallibly foreknows, from God's eternal present, that some event will happen in some creature's future; causal determinism refers to the unilateral predefinition of effects produced by the power relation between omnipotent divine causality and created causes.