That Egypt's new government is talking and listening to De Soto and moving in the direction of major formalisation reforms is something that all Egyptians should be grateful for.
Formalisation Programs resulted in a 28% reduction in the likelihood that children of families who inhabited the land registered titled had to stay in their homes as a precautionary measure to protect their tenure.
The fast scale measures formalisation, the second measures centralisation, and the third one was designed by the researcher to measure 'perceived innovation'.
March and Heath (1994) find a positive relationship between formalisation and innovations.
Khandwalla (1995) found positive correlations between formalisation and innovation implementation in some organisations of India.
The five components of structure are: vertical complexity, horizontal complexity, formalisation, centralisation, concentration of authority and participation in decision-making.
It hypothesises a positive relationship between formalisation and innovation.
Table 1: Correlation Scores Analysis Type Formalisation Centralisation Overall (N = 250) r = .
Formalisation was measured by Hage and Aiken's Formalisation inventory, cited in Miller's (1977, pp 284, 285, 286) Formalisation Inventory.
For the overall sample, significant and positive relationships were reported between formalisation and perceived innovation, and between participation in decision-making and perceived innovation.