former

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Related to formant: resonance

former

adjective antecedent, bygone, earlier, foregoing, late, past, preceding, preexistent, previous, prior, pristinus, quondam, retired, whilom
Associated concepts: former adjudication, former conviction, former jeopardy, former marriage, former trial, former will
See also: aforesaid, antecedent, back, before mentioned, deceased, defunct, last, late, outdated, outmoded, preceding, preliminary, previous, prior
References in periodicals archive ?
This circumstance clarifies how the second formant contributes specifically to the identities of that set of vowels.
These parameters include prosodic features (formant 1 to 6 [F1 to F6, unit: Hz], formant bandwidth [unit: Hz], formant amplitude [unit: dB]), and two spectral features (the linear prediction coding [LPC], and the Mel-frequency cepstral coefficient [MFCC]).
The formants appear as horizontal frames; instead of that, amplitude values in function of frequency are represented in a gray-scale in vertical sense.
competition, and compromises among the formants that produce them.
An acoustic analysis of vowel stresses the different formant configurations that are characteristic of each vowel.
Further to put formants in the KLAT synthesizer, we used WAVESURFER instead of PRAAT for formant estimation because formants estimation from WAVESURFER is easy to find than PRAAT, but we record my sound in the PRAAT.
The FF consist of the basic frequency parameters, as the first three formant positions ([F.
Yi Xu from University College London (UK) and colleagues tested whether a similar principle applied to human vocal attractiveness by asking male volunteers to listen to a female voice that was systematically altered for pitch, voice quality and formant spacing to signal a smaller body size.
The specialised formant extraction algorithms used for the noisy data in the current context are likely to undergo several improvements in the future.
In this regard, Weisman and Martin (1992) studied the trajectory of vowel formants and found that F2 is the formant that establishes the most direct relationship with the degree of speech intelligibility.
Issues concerning vocal technique include coordinated onset and release of sound, breath management, vibrato, agility, resonance, laryngeal, formants and the singer's formant, articulation, vowel modification, sostenuto, dynamic control and messa di voce and hearing, feeling and seeing the voice, warming up and cooling down the voice, and the spoken voice.