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Related to fractionalisation: To show off, stand on, progressing, dichotomising, took over
See: lancinate
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Earlier, the PDP had begun to show signs of fractionalisation at various levels, including the FEC, the NA and the presidency itself.
Although greater legislative control, as with party fractionalisation, carries a negative effect in post-Soviet states, the overall effect of greater support for the ruling party is to promote rather than obstruct financial liberalisation.
13) In column (2) we estimate a basic model of political contestation, including party fractionalisation and the share of Communist party-held seats; neither variable carries a statistically significant coefficient.
He said: "In a multi-channel world the relative power of a licence fee-funded BBC actually grows as its large guaranteed revenues continue despite a rapid fractionalisation of the audience and as consequence fractionalisation of revenues for commercial channels.
The principle of individual interpretation of Scripture brought about the ultimate disintegration and fractionalisation of self-styled Christian churches.
Violence is internalised, causing the fractionalisation of the Egyptian people, pitting them against one another creating a dangerous dualism.
Consequent upon the failure of the national bourgeoisie to propel the neo-colonial Nigerian state forward economically, and their inability to engage either in production, or in invention but to merely take to the activities of the intermediary type, they resorted to the fractionalisation and ethnicisation of the Nigerian state.
Three features of the party system are likely to have bearing to these incentives-the number of parties, or the degree of fragmentation or fractionalisation of the system; the internal cohesion, or degree of factionalism, of political parties; and the ideological distance, or polarisation, between the political parties.
Fractionalisation', that is, the extent to which the local population is divided between different ethnic, religious or national groups (so that councils with higher levels of fractionalisation have more languages to cope with and may have lower levels of satisfaction of services among citizens).
Dreher finds 'no robustly significant coefficients' when he tests for political explanations in terms of government fractionalisation, the political leaning of the chief executive's party, the existence of autonomous regions, the political power of the leader, the degree of political cohesion and various other political variables.
2001) suggest that the key reasons for implementation failure are fundamental domestic political economy problems, such as ethno-linguistic fractionalisation and political disunity.
It includes ethnic and linguistic fractionalisation as a measure of latent social conflict, and his combined institutional indicator as a measure of conflict management.