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Game

Wild birds and beasts. The word includes all game birds and game animals.

The state, in its sovereign power, owns game for the benefit of the general public. The only manner in which a private individual can acquire ownership in game is by possessing it lawfully such as by hunting and killing it under a license.

Generally, every individual has the right to hunt and take game in any public place where his or her presence is lawful, so long as the person neither violates statutory regulations nor injures or infringes upon the rights of others. A hunter does not acquire an absolute right to a wild animal by mere pursuit alone, and the individual forfeits any potential ownership by abandoning the chase prior to capture. The exclusive right to hunt or take game on privately owned property vests in the owner or his or her grantees. This property right of the owner is limited by the right of the state to regulate and preserve the game for public use. A suit for Trespass may be brought against one who interferes with another's right to hunt.

A statute that proscribes the hunting of game without a license, and that requires the payment of a fee for such license, constitutes a proper exercise of the Police Power of the state.

Game laws govern the killing or taking of birds and beasts. Game wardens ordinarily can arrest violators, seize illegally taken game, bring actions for trespass, or institute prosecutions for violations of the game laws.

Under a number of game laws, it is a penal offense to kill or take certain types of game in certain seasons of the year or without a license. A hunter is required to exhibit a license when properly called on to do so, and it constitutes a legal violation if the person cannot do so.

In a situation where an individual has lawfully obtained possession of game—enclosing and caring for them as domestic animals—the person can kill one or more of them if necessary for care and management or for humane purposes. In addition, an individual might be justified in killing game in violation of the law if it were necessary for the protection of persons or property. It sometimes constitutes an offense to export game beyond the limits of the nation or state in which it was killed or captured, to ship it for sale in a certain manner, or to absent certain information upon the package.

The United States has entered into treaties with other countries, including Great Britain and Mexico, for the protection and preservation of migratory birds and game animals. It constitutes an offense to violate statutes that were enacted to implement such treaties. For example, a regulatory statute might limit the number of birds that can be killed by any individual each day, and it would be an offense to exceed such limit.

The federal government, subject to the consent of the state, can establish a game refuge for the protection of game and migratory birds and proscribe all hunting in the vicinity. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is administered by the Interior Department, to conserve and preserve fish and game in wildlife refuges and game ranges.

Cross-references

Endangered Species Act; Fish and Fishing.

See: bet, competition, contest, ridicule

game

see POACHING.

GAME. Birds and beasts of a wild-nature, obtained by fowling and hunting. Bac. Ab. h. t.; Animals; Ferae natural.

References in periodicals archive ?
Heading home with several coolers full of organic, protein-rich game meat is one of the most rewarding parts of a successful bowhunt.
Our findings suggest that game meat from wild boar, deer, and rabbit contribute to HEV epidemiology in the Midi-Pyrenees area.
Many states have at least one organization that will accept donations of venison or other game meat and ensure it is properly processed and reaches individuals and families in need of a nutritious meal.
Elk is popular as it is leaner game meat, very low in fat and high in protein.
For the 13th year in a row, the Oregon Hunters Association is asking for those hunters lucky enough to have bulging freezers of meat to donate some of the excess game meat to the Eugene Mission for the needy.
Game meat hygiene in focus; microbiology, epidemiology, risk analysis and quality assurance.
The University of Alaska Fairbanks Cooperative Extension Service has produced three new DVDs detailing ways to help Alaskans preserve foods: "Cold Storage," "Roses and Fireweed" and "Processing Game Meat.
The SCIF's Sportsmen Against Hunger program contributes game meat to the Salvation Army, which helps organize the event.
This will be followed by a week-long series of special dinners and Kenyan cultural performances at the Le Meridien Hotel in Dubai, where visitors will have a chance to sample game meat flown in especially for the event.
National Taste of Game Week is organised by the British Association for Shooting andConservationtohighlight the benefits of game meat as a local,wild and nutritious food source.
They've discovered they can get hunters worldwide to pay them for the privilege of shooting game meat for South Africa's food markets, wisely making a living on both ends.
If it's pigs feet stew and game meat pies you're looking for, head to La Table Enchante, which the New York Times has called "Quebec-style fusion cooking that foodies will appreciate.