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Related to gemination: Taurodontism
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Under progressive reduplication, the copied onset consonant reflects the qualitative changes in the outcome of gemination (Kennedy 2003: 173):
c) gemination of trisyllabic and five-syllable words,
5) Generally speaking, when the use of a <CC> digraph cannot be interpreted in terms of consonant gemination (or consonant lengthening), the double spelling of a consonant grapheme is probably a linear diacritic for the preceding short vowel.
Finally, a clarification of how to provide an account of the Seto foot-final gemination is needed.
Also, references concern Luick's account of the evolution of the cluster <sc> (179), fates of the velars (180-182), palatalisations (185), critical evaluation of Luick's account of the evolution of the semivowel [j] (189), shift of the yogh to [hi (191), and consonant gemination (203-204).
3], which is unidentifiable because gemination is not marked in the orthography of the written language.
In the case of Finnic languages, it is generally considered to have been a process of lenition, not of fortition (Posti 1953; Laanest 1982 : 106; Korhonen 1988); or primarily a process of lenition, later complemented in some Finnic languages by the gemination of single consonants which were preceded by a short stressed vowel (Viitso 1981 : 178; 2008 : 122).
The latter two papers employ a peculiar transliteration system, which correctly ignores vowel length but marks gemination (though not consistently) and consonants no longer distinguished in Modern Hebrew.
Naturally, clusters resulting from gradation-related gemination, derivation through -li(c) or schwa deletion (syllabic /r/ or /l/) need to be excluded from investigation.
In first position, a vowel-initial word will constitute a clear violation of ONSET, whereas in second position it has the opportunity to pick up an onset from the preceding "and," for example, by gemination of the nasal.
37) The standard dictionaries often derive it from b-d-d--either from, [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'portion, part' (38) or [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'stave, shoot' (39) -- but in such a case one would expect a gemination of the d (as found in the plural forms of both lexemes: [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] baddim), which is absent from [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] badan.
The gemination of the middle radical is lost as the stress shifts to the third syllable of the stem.