mother

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mother

see PARENTAGE.

MOTHER, domestic relations. A woman who has borne a child.
     2. It is generally the duty of a mother to support her child, when she is left a widow, until he becomes of age, or is able to maintain himself; 8 Watts, R. 366; and even after he becomes of age, if he be chargeable to the public, she may, perhaps, in all the states, be compelled, when she has sufficient means, to support him. But when the child has property sufficient for his support, she is not, even during his minority, obliged to maintain him. 1 Bro. C. C. 387; 2 Mass. R. 415; 4 Miss. R. 97.
     3. When the father dies without leaving a testamentary guardian, at common law, the mother is entitled to be the guardian of the person and estate of the infant, until he arrives at fourteen years, when he is able to choose a guardian. Litt. sect. 123; 3 Co. 38; Co. Litt. 84 b; 2 Atk. 14; Com Dig. B, D, E; 7 Ves. 348. See 10 Mass. 135, 140; 15 Mass. 272; 4 Binn. 487; 4 Stew. & Part. 123; 2 Mass. 415; Harper, R. 9; 1 Root, R. 487.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the orphans' court will, in such case, appoint a guardian until the infant shall attain his fourteenth year. During the joint lives of the parents, (q.v.) the father (q.v.) is alone responsible for the support of the children; and has the only control over them, except when in special cases the mother is allowed to have possession of them. 1 P. A. Browne's Rep. 143; 5 Binn. R. 520; 2 Serg. & Rawle 174. Vide 4 Binn. R. 492, 494.
     5. The mother of a bastard child, as natural guardian, has a right to the custody and control of such child, and is bound to maintain it. 2 Mass. 109; 12 Mass. 387, 433; 2 John. 375; 15 John. 208; 6 S. & R. 255; 1 Ashmead, 55.

References in periodicals archive ?
A spokesman said: "In this particular case, the court was probably correct to recognise the genetic mother as the mother for the sake of the child.
101) The DOHMH takes the position that the only way for the genetic mother (who is the wife of the now declared legal father and who is indisputably the genetic mother) to be legally recognized as the child's mother is through an adoption proceeding, even where the gestational carrier, after the birth of the child, expresses her clear desire to relinquish any parental rights/obligations to the child.
Let us assume that the surviving partner is the genetic father and the decedent is the genetic mother of the PMC child.
the gestational mother was also the genetic mother, having been artificially inseminated with sperm from the intended father.
As a result Doe is the genetic mother and Smith the gestational mother of the children.
46) The Court of Appeals affirmed the holding that the natural and thus legal mother is the genetic mother.
4] While it is true that at the time of birth, only a surrogate can have enjoyed a developed relationship with the newborn child because only she has directly participated in gestation, it would be manifestly unfair to apply the Lehr standard to a genetic mother who had promptly attempted to establish a maternal relationship.
Eight-week-old Cc is a calico-and-white domestic shorthair, whose genetic mother was a tortoiseshell.
The former face of Nivea will use her own eggs, making her the child's genetic mother.
IF you'd read about her in a Dickensian novel, the tale of tragic Lauren Wright - a little girl with a cherubic smile rejected by her genetic mother and cruelly abused by her father Craig's second wife - it would be hard to believe.
Does society's traditional respect for biological ties give her or the genetic mother the right to "reclaim" (or claim in the first place) the child?