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MOTHER, domestic relations. A woman who has borne a child.
     2. It is generally the duty of a mother to support her child, when she is left a widow, until he becomes of age, or is able to maintain himself; 8 Watts, R. 366; and even after he becomes of age, if he be chargeable to the public, she may, perhaps, in all the states, be compelled, when she has sufficient means, to support him. But when the child has property sufficient for his support, she is not, even during his minority, obliged to maintain him. 1 Bro. C. C. 387; 2 Mass. R. 415; 4 Miss. R. 97.
     3. When the father dies without leaving a testamentary guardian, at common law, the mother is entitled to be the guardian of the person and estate of the infant, until he arrives at fourteen years, when he is able to choose a guardian. Litt. sect. 123; 3 Co. 38; Co. Litt. 84 b; 2 Atk. 14; Com Dig. B, D, E; 7 Ves. 348. See 10 Mass. 135, 140; 15 Mass. 272; 4 Binn. 487; 4 Stew. & Part. 123; 2 Mass. 415; Harper, R. 9; 1 Root, R. 487.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the orphans' court will, in such case, appoint a guardian until the infant shall attain his fourteenth year. During the joint lives of the parents, (q.v.) the father (q.v.) is alone responsible for the support of the children; and has the only control over them, except when in special cases the mother is allowed to have possession of them. 1 P. A. Browne's Rep. 143; 5 Binn. R. 520; 2 Serg. & Rawle 174. Vide 4 Binn. R. 492, 494.
     5. The mother of a bastard child, as natural guardian, has a right to the custody and control of such child, and is bound to maintain it. 2 Mass. 109; 12 Mass. 387, 433; 2 John. 375; 15 John. 208; 6 S. & R. 255; 1 Ashmead, 55.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the Jewish law, a theory like the above-cited verse is considered and the authorities view the gestational mother as the only legal mother (14).
Being implanted into the uterus of a gestational mother, zygote develops into a fully formed fetus which will eventually be born of its gestational mother.
mother is thus both the biological and gestational mother, but the
always the gestational mother in all cases under the first category of
Without enforcement of a surrogacy agreement, the gestational mother would be the legal mother of the child, and her husband (if she is married) would be presumed its legal father.
105 The gestational mother was pregnant with twins, (106) the result of the implantation of embryos created by the in vitro fertilization of eggs harvested from Marla Culliton with sperm provided by Steven Culliton.
The gestational mother has moved to another state with the twins and maintains that her former partner has no legal claim to their daughters, although she has never denied Doe's genetic connection.
This case is really a custody dispute in which the gestational mother has been able to use loopholes because they are same-gender parents.
29) The Israeli law is designed to facilitate and not impede these agreements by legalizing the relationship of the genetic mother and her genetic child, and minimizing the rights of the gestational mother.
When the genetic mother and gestational mother are separated, she who intended to bring the child into the world would be considered the mother.
Linda Kirkman was the gestational mother of a baby conceived with a sister's egg and destined to live with the infertile sister and her husband.
If nature is to guide this decision, the activities of the gestational mother were much more "natural" than those of the genetic mother and father.

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