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As a noun, the whole body politic, or the aggregate of the citizens of a state, nation, or municipality. The community at large, without reference to the geographical limits of any corporation like a city, town, or county; the people.
As an adjective, open to all; notorious. Open to common use. Belonging to the people at large; relating to or affecting the whole people of a state, nation, or community; not limited or restricted to any particular class of the community.
1) n. the people of the nation, state, county, district or municipality, which the government serves. 2) adj. referring to any agency, interest, property, or activity which is under the authority of the government or which belongs to the people. This distinguishes public from private interests as with public and private schools, public and private utilities, public and private hospitals, public and private lands, and public and private roads.
public(Affecting people), adjective civic, civil, common, communal, country-wide, federal, general, government, governmental, municipal, national, social, societal, state
Associated concepts: public authorities, public benefit, pubbic benefit corporation, public business, public charge, pubbic charity, public convenience, public corporation, public document, public function, public funds, public good, public improvements, public interest, public necessity, public nooice, public nuisance, public office, public policy, public purrose, public safety, public sector, public service commission, public use, public utilities, public welfare, public works
Foreign phrases: Pacta privata juri publico derogare non possunt.Private contracts cannot derogate from public right. Necessitas publica major est quam privata. Public necessity is greater than private. Jura publica anteferenda privatis. Public rights are to be preferred to private parts. Privatum commodum publico cedit. Private good yields to public good. Privatum incommodum publico bono pennatur. Private inconvenience is compensated for by public benefit. Lex citius tolerare vult privatum damnum quam publicum malum. The law would rather tolerate a private loss than a public evil.
public(Known), adjective acknowledged, aired, announced, apparent, broadcast, bruited about, circulated, commonly known, disclosed, disseminated, divulged, encyclical, evident, exoteric, familiar, manifest, obvious, overt, popular, proclaimed, promulgated, propagated, publicus, published, recognized, released, renowned, reported, revealed, spread abroad, ventilated, well-known, widely known
public(Open), adjective accessible, approachable, attainable, available, community, free to all, not private, reachable, unbarred, unprohibited, unreserved, unrestricted
Associated concepts: public accommodations, public docuuents, public domain, public hearing, public institutions, public place, public property, public records, public sale
publicnoun body politic, citizenry, commonalty, commonwealth, community, folk, general public, laymen, nation, persons, polity, populace, population, populus, social group, society
Associated concepts: public good, public use, public utility, public welfare
See also: accessible, blatant, civic, common, competitive, conspicuous, famous, manifest, national, open, overt, patent, political, populace, population
LAW, PUBLIC. A public law is one in which all persons have an interest.
POLICY, PUBLIC. By public policy is meant that which the law encourages for
the promotion of the public good.
2. That which is against public policy is generally unlawful. For example, to restrain an individual from marrying, or from engaging in business, when the restraint is general, in the first case, to all persons, and, in the second, to all trades, business, or occupations. But if the restraint be only partial, as that Titius shall not marry Moevia, or that Caius shall not engage in a particular trade in a particular town or, place, the restraint is not against public policy,, and therefore valid. 1 Story, Eq. Jur. Sec. 274. See Newl. Contr. 472.
PUBLIC. By the term the public, is meant the whole body politic, or all the
citizens of the state; sometimes it signifies the inhabitants of a
particular place; as, the New York public.
2. A distinction has been made between the terms public and general, they are sometimes used as synonymous. The former term is applied strictly to that which concerns all the citizens and every member of the state; while the latter includes a lesser, though still a large portion of the community. Greenl. Ev. Sec. 128.
3. When the public interests and its rights conflict with those of an individual, the latter must yield. Co. Litt. 181. if, for example, a road is required for public convenience, and in its course it passes on the ground occupied by a house, the latter must be torn down, however valuable it may be to the owner. In such a case both law and justice require that the owner shall be fully indemnified.
4. This term is sometimes joined to other terms, to designate those things which have a relation to the public; as, a public officer, a public road, a public passage, a public house.