hacking


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hacking

the accessing of a computer system without the permission of the owner of that system. Originally the practice proved difficult for the legal system mainly because many hackers caused no actual damage - they would simply enter the system, leave proof of their cunning and skill and exit. Others, however, were more malicious. Offences have been created to protect the integrity of systems, initially in computer misuse legislation from 1980. A person is guilty of an offence if he causes a computer to perform any function with intent to secure access to any program or data held in any computer; the access he intends to secure is unauthorized; and he knows at the time when he causes the computer to perform the function that this is the case. There is a related offence of unauthorized modification, namely to do any act which causes an unauthorized modification of the contents of any computer; and at the time the accused does the act, he has the requisite intent and the requisite knowledge. The intent required is intent to impair the operation of any computer, prevent or hinder access to any program or data held on any computer, or impair the operation of any program or the reliability of any data. It is immaterial whether or not the accused had any intent directed towards any particular computer system, program or data; all that is required is that the accused knows that any intended alteration is unauthorized.
References in periodicals archive ?
Online hacking group Syrian Electronic Army (SEA)--a notorious backer of the Syrian government--has carried out multiple cyber attacks on websites and social media accounts since the start of the conflict in 2011.
July 31, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The vulnerabilities of vehicle hacking have made an impression on car owners and shoppers, and nearly 80 percent say it will be a frequent problem within the next three years or less, according to an all-new survey by Kelley Blue Book www.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A cyber attack by unknown hackers on Italy's spyware firm, Hacking Team, revealed that 8 Arab countries have conducted massive spying on their citizens.
North Korea is suspected of the recent Sony Pictures hacking that leaked unreleased movies online including Brad Pitt's "Fury" and the 2014 "Annie.
Having held over 35 successful information technology (IT) hacking events since 2009, the event's organizers aim to make their first Science Hack Day a collaborative effort between IT and science enthusiasts to bridge the gap between the two fields and build actionable scientific solutions.
It has also been revealed that he hacked her phone on 7 August 2006, the day before he was arrested over allegations of phone hacking and has also denied that he had "forgotten" about targeting the young royals.
Goodman, who returned to the witness box after weeks of ill health, was accused of being more heavily involved in phone hacking with private detective Glenn Mulcaire in 2005 and 2006 than was previously heard.
Clive Goodman, 56, was accused of hacking "on a wider scale" than he had admitted, targeting Kate 155 times, William, 35 times, and Harry on nine occasions, Kate's phone was even hacked on Christmas Day 2005, Timothy Langdale QC, the lawyer for ex-editor Andy Coulson, told the Old Bailey.
Timothy Langdale QC claimed Goodman and private detective Glenn Mulcaire were involved in intercepting Kate's voicemails in 2005 and 2006, hacking her phone on Christmas Day 2005, and hacking William in 2006.
When he was questioned about the three hacked royal aides, the witness said: "I'm not on trial for hacking.
Asked about the three hacked royal aides, Goodman said: "I'm not on trial for hacking.
The investigation is part of Operation Weeting - launched in 2011 - into the hacking scandal associated with the now defunct News Of The World.