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noun condition, fitness, freedom from aillent, freedom from disease, haleness, hardiness, physical condition, robustness, ruggedness, salubrity, salus, sanitas, soundness, soundness of body, stamina, state of health, strength, sturdiness, vigor, vitality, well-being, wholesomeness
Associated concepts: bill of health, board of health, dangerrus to health, department of health, health care, health eddcation and welfare, health insurance, impairment of health, mental health, public health and safety, public health law, sanitary code

HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

References in periodicals archive ?
When health hazards are identified, estimates of health risk severity and probability are established using risk assessment codes.
Figure 3 shows these site locations and highlights those where ATSDR determined a public health hazard existed.
One key recommendation made by the committee is that all federal agencies sponsoring housing-related health hazard research should formally adopt the federal regulations addressing human subject research participation, particularly Subpart D of 45 CFR 46, which provides additional protections specifically for child participants.
If the IRS believes (1) there is an inherent difference between the health hazards posed by environmental contamination and other hazardous conditions and (2) that difference per se requires capitalization when the source of environmental contamination is eliminated from a site, the burden should be on the IRS to justify that position from a tax policy perspective.
Now the time has come for departments to ensure officer safety from a serious health hazard during this training
Mold's research prior to and throughout the XA project points unerringly to a simple conclusion: Liggett knew for itself, and in great detail, the health hazards brought on by smoking.
However, the contention that smoking is a health hazard is almost as old as the use of tobacco.
An estimated one in five commercial buildings in the United States contains friable (easily broken) asbestos fibers -- the type that poses the greates human health hazard.
com/reports/c62792) has announced the addition of Frost & Sullivan's new report: Wireless Technologies - A Blessing or a Health Hazard to their offering.
The health hazard evaluation program began in 1993, when GLC pioneered a joint initiative with the Toxicology Section of the Division of Environmental Health in the Illinois Department of Public Health.
In an effort to get to the bottom of the FDA allegations we have repeatedly requested a copy of the FDA Health Hazard Evaluation (HHE).
These can be a potential health hazard when used in unventilated spaces.

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