hortative


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Related to hortative: exhortative, Dehortative, Cohortative
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The construction laz volgo shows double hortative marking: the particle laz is a precise functional equivalent of Latvian lai, and the third person imperative morpheme -go is the etymological (and functional) equivalent of the Estonian third person imperative marker -gu/-ku.
We find this form as the imperative and after the hortative let's or the infinitival to, as in (52).
What I have looked at briefly in the preceding represents only a few of the specialisations, "grammaticalisations" and idiomatisations that characterise the history of let, which include idioms of the "letting blood" type, as exemplified in (56), and the development of the hortative of Let's go etc.
For instance, in a scene where two persons who want to be unnoticed try to change their hiding place, one of the two persons might use an English hortative like "Run
Hortatives are requests addressed to the 1st person plural.
Directive utterances, that is, imperatives and hortatives, contain special imperative or hortative verb suffixes that are inherently marked for either second or first person and are thus outside of the general conjunct/disjunct system.
With imperatives, as in correle above, the intensive le construction is a hortative, where the speaker is inciting the hearer to action--in this case, "go on, run," or "get going with the running.
In correle (example [1]), its meaning as a hortative is very general and redundant in context, like an inflection.