house arrest

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Related to house arrests: Electronic monitoring

House Arrest

Confinement to one's home or another specified location instead of incarceration in a jail or prison.

House arrest has been used since ancient times as an alternative to criminal imprisonment, often imposed upon people who either were too powerful or too influential to be placed in an actual prison. Hereditary rulers, religious leaders, and political figures, whose imprisonment might spur a revolt by loyalists, would be confined to their homes where they could live comfortably and safely but without any influence. House arrest does not always lessen its victims' influence, however. Aung San Suu Kyi, a political leader from Myanmar, was placed under house arrest from 1989 to 1995, and again, from 2000 to 2002, by the nation's military junta. On both occasions the international community successfully exerted pressure on the government to release Suu Kyi, a peace activist and Nobel laureate.

The term house arrest can also refer to electronic monitoring programs in which a convicted criminal is sentenced to home confinement instead of prison, for a specified period. The criminal wears an electronic ankle bracelet (for which he usually bears maintenance costs) that monitors movement and sends a signal to a central computer if the house arrest is violated. Examples of crimes that could warrant house arrest include white-collar crimes such as Fraud or Embezzlement. This type of sentence can be a cost-effective way of punishing criminals who pose no threat to others and thus do not need to be imprisoned at the state's expense.

house arrest

noun confinement at home, confineeent to a residence, custodial detention, domestic reetraint, house confinement, imprisonment, punishment at home, restraint at home, restriction at home, retention at home, serving a sentence at home, serving time at home
References in periodicals archive ?
He also said that Iran's Judiciary would not place anyone under house arrest without trial and court order, and that the public would soon learn of the charges against the detainees.
Diaz said Chihuahua's provisions on house arrest violate Article 11 of the Mexican Constitution, which spells out guarantees of free transit and personal liberties.
There is disagreement on whether the SCJN decision on Chihuahua could have any direct bearing on rulings in lower courts regarding house arrest.
Some legal experts differed with that opinion, saying that the Chihuahua decision sets a precedent that could be used by civil rights advocates elsewhere in Mexico to present similar challenges to the SCJN, as legal codes governing house arrest differ little among Mexico's 30 states and the federal district.
From this moment on, judges will have to decide in favor of those who request that a house arrest be suspended.
Deputy Porfirio Alarcon Hernandez, a major proponent of the initiative, said authorities at times have extended house arrest to as long as 90 days, a much longer period than the 30 days allowed by law.
While the law has allowed various government entities to use house arrest for any suspect, some high-profile individuals have been subjected to this restriction in recent years.