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Related to hyaline cartilage: synovial joint
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Multiple histologic studies have shown that osteochondral autograft plugs retain their hyaline cartilage after implantation, which is an improvement over microfracture and the marrow stimulating techniques.
20,22,23) Macroscopic and histological evaluations of the recipient and donor areas showed consistent survival of the transplanted hyaline cartilage, the formation of a composite cartilage layer from transplanted hyaline cartilage and the ingrowth of fibrocartilage from the osseous base of the defect, deep matrix integration of the transplanted cartilage with the surrounding tissue at the recipient site, and filling of the donor sites to the surface with cancellous bone capped with fibrocartilage by eight weeks.
Upon resection, all had lobulated bland hyaline cartilage that was positive for S100 and vimentin, and negative for AE1/AE3, p53 and Ki-67.
Magnetic resonance images of the human patients show no clear difference between the new and old cartilage, suggesting that hyaline cartilage derived from different parts of the body can integrate.
6,27) The background of undifferentiated mesenchymal, small, round or spindled cells is interrupted by highly differentiated islands of hyaline cartilage.
After grafting to the femur head, the mesenchymal cells of the membranous bone of the skull are able to change to the articular cartilage with hyaline nature, and this hyaline cartilage can bear the mechanical stresses of weight better than fibrocartilaginous and also does not degenerate under stress.
At the end of treatment, a histological examination showed hyaline cartilage in the infrared laser group, fibrocartilage in the He-Ne laser group, and granulation tissue in limbs of the control group.
No hyaline cartilage or focal bone marrow bruises were detected on either the pre- or post-scans.
Metallic articulating against hyaline cartilage, can potentially cause pain and articular cartilage erosion in some patients.
Moreover, the reparative tissue produced after most cartilage repair techniques cannot withstand the demands required of an articular surface and quickly degenerates since most techniques are not able to produce hyaline cartilage [4].
of Southern California) this medical text begins with a description of the normal anatomy and function of human hyaline cartilage and its response to injury.
HA is also a major constituent of synovial joint fluid and hyaline cartilage tissue.