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Kant defended the use of idealizations in scientific theories.
The problem, roughly, is this: asymptotic explanations appeal indispensably to idealizations, and so the proponent of the explanatory version of the indispensability argument may be forced to accept the unattractive conclusion that some idealizations are true.
As Leszek Nowak (1943-2009) and his Poznan School of Methodology widely demonstrated, (1) the theoretical procedure of science is not based on the Aristotelian abstraction (that's to say, generalization of empirical facts), but on the method of idealization and concretization.
What makes her brand so unique is that she embraces Egyptian fabrics and kaftan prints to create pieces that mesh somewhat Orientalist idealizations of style with modern silhouettes.
MacFaul argues that the dynamic nature of drama militates against static idealizations of friendship in the plays of Shakespeare and his contemporaries.
Most of Chakravartty's arguments are clear and seem at least plausible, although I wish that certain discussions were carried on with greater depth, such as his rejection of essences and his description of idealization.
In the nineteenth century, her subject, the French Atlantic Bassin d'Arcachon--a collection of beaches, a set of high dunes, a large salt water marsh surrounding agricultural land, and its associated fishing community--became the object of utopian plans, romantic idealizations, economic profits, and government inquiries.
The articles, some of which are based on lectures, include such topics as how the new classical macroeconomics responds to the "Lucas critique," why idealized models in economics have limited use, a response by the late Amos Funkenstein to Nancy Cartright's arguments for the primacy of the notion of capacity, the generalization of evolutionary theory by abstraction, the influence of analogical reasoning, the role of idealizations in physical theory, a systematic proposal for sorting out idealization and abstraction, a case study from China, inferential relations between sentences (yes, the IRS), theory structure, and minimal realism.
Her skillful watercolors pick through daily life and come up with an ethical, protofeminist viewpoint that registers the pain and hardship of the people; at the same time, her work avoids idealizations and doctrinaire political platforms.
It must avoid idealizations and demonizations, concern itself with more than just human self-interest, be effective in motivating people into action, and be free from the desire for control.
Redekop notices this but, in keeping with the general deference to the idealizations of theory, mitigates its possible significance.
Its practitioners are expanding the expressive and theatrical potential of the form by incorporating other dance idioms, experimenting with narrative, or, like Belen Maya, eschewing traditional gender idealizations.