identity


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Related to identity: identity crisis, personal identity

identity

(Individuality), noun being, characteristic, difference, dissimilarity, distinction, distinctive feature, distinctness, distinguishing characteristic, distinnuishing quality, idiosyncrasy, individualism, mannerism, oneness, originality, particularity, peculiarity, perceivable dissimilarity, personal characteristic, personality, quality of being singular, self, selfhood, selfness, singularity, speciality, specialty, specific quality, specificity, uniqueness, unlikeness
Associated concepts: duty to ascertain identity, proof of identity
Foreign phrases: Nihil facit error nominis cum de corpore constat.An error in the name is of no consequence when there is certainty as to the person. Ex multitudine signooum, colligitur identitas vera. The true identity of a thing is shown from a number of signs. Nomina sunt mutabilia, res autem immobiles. Names are mutable, but things are immutable.

identity

(Similarity), noun agreement, alikeness, coequality, comparability, conformability, consimilarity, consimilitude, consimility, duplication, equality, equipollence, equipollency, equivalence, homogeneity, identicalness, likeness, match, oneness, parallelism, parity, resemblance, sameness, semblance, similarity, similitude, synonymity, uniformity, unity
See also: par, personality, resemblance, semblance

IDENTITY, evidence. Sameness.
     2. It is frequently necessary to identify persons and things. In criminal prosecutions, and in actions for torts and on contracts, it is required to be proved that the defendants have in criminal actions, and for injuries, been guilty of the crime or injury charged; and in an action on a contract, that the defendant was a party to it. Sometimes, too, a party who has been absent, and who appears to claim an inheritance, must prove his identity and, not unfrequently, the body of a person which has been found dead must be identified: cases occur when the body is much disfigured, and, at other times, there is nothing left but the skeleton. Cases of considerable difficulty arise, in consequence of the omission to take particular notice; 2 Stark. Car. 239 Ryan's Med. Jur. 301; and in consequence of the great resemblance of two persons. 1 Hall's Am. Law Journ. 70; 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 509; 1 Paris, Med. Jur, 222; 3 Id. 143; Trail. Med. Jur. 33; Fodere, Med. Leg. ch. 2, tome 1, p. 78-139.
     3. In cases of larceny, trover, replevin, and the like, the things in dispute must always be identified. Vide 4 Bl. Com. 396.
     4. M. Briand, in his Manuel Complet de Medicine Legale, 4eme partie, ch. 1, gives rules for the discovery of particular marks, which an individual may have had, and also the true color of the hair, although it may have been artificially colored. He also gives some rules for the purpose of discovering, from the appearance of a skeleton, the sex, the age, and the height of the person when living, which he illustrates by various examples. See, generally, 6 C. & P 677; 1 C. & M. 730; 3 Tyr. 806; Shelf. on Mar. & Div. 226; 1 Hagg. Cons. R. 189; Best on Pres. Appx. case 4; Wills on Circums. Ev. 143, et seq.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to McMahon and Watts (2002) and Helms (1993), race and/or racial identity focuses on the social and political impact of visible group membership on an individual's psychological functioning.
This paper first describes identity theory and applies it to what is currently known about the experiences of incarcerated fathers, generating testable hypotheses.
The essentially political nature of museum interpretation and its relevance in the creation of public historic images and identity in the Third World is treated in: Eric Davis, "The Museum and the Politics of Social Control in Modem Iraq.
In addition to these services, which save people time and money, Identity Theft 911 also offers policyholders educational resources and proactive advice to help them avoid being a victim of this vicious crime.
The awareness of identity theft, whether it consists of stealing a person's Social Security number, address, phone number, or all of the above, has been heightened in the workplace.
If a criminal obtains enough personal information, he or she can clone an identity complete with a driver's license, Social Security card, loans, credit cards and phone accounts.
To determine the relationships between volunteer identity (VBQ) and frequency of volunteering, bi-variate correlations were calculated.
7 percent said someone got to their mail or mailbox and used information there to steal their identity.
When individuals use a debit card to complete point-of-sale transactions with a merchant, they authenticate their identity by entering a personal identification number (PIN) into the keypad terminal, also known as a payment terminal or automatic teller machine (ATM) device.
The idea of the split identity, one of the most definitive and distinctive traits of the superhero, is also one of the most powerful and omnipresent figures used to illustrate the dilemmas and experiences of minority identity.
Identity theft also became a federal felony this year, punishable by up to 15 years in prison.