identity

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identity

(Individuality), noun being, characteristic, difference, dissimilarity, distinction, distinctive feature, distinctness, distinguishing characteristic, distinnuishing quality, idiosyncrasy, individualism, mannerism, oneness, originality, particularity, peculiarity, perceivable dissimilarity, personal characteristic, personality, quality of being singular, self, selfhood, selfness, singularity, speciality, specialty, specific quality, specificity, uniqueness, unlikeness
Associated concepts: duty to ascertain identity, proof of identity
Foreign phrases: Nihil facit error nominis cum de corpore constat.An error in the name is of no consequence when there is certainty as to the person. Ex multitudine signooum, colligitur identitas vera. The true identity of a thing is shown from a number of signs. Nomina sunt mutabilia, res autem immobiles. Names are mutable, but things are immutable.

identity

(Similarity), noun agreement, alikeness, coequality, comparability, conformability, consimilarity, consimilitude, consimility, duplication, equality, equipollence, equipollency, equivalence, homogeneity, identicalness, likeness, match, oneness, parallelism, parity, resemblance, sameness, semblance, similarity, similitude, synonymity, uniformity, unity
See also: par, personality, resemblance, semblance

IDENTITY, evidence. Sameness.
     2. It is frequently necessary to identify persons and things. In criminal prosecutions, and in actions for torts and on contracts, it is required to be proved that the defendants have in criminal actions, and for injuries, been guilty of the crime or injury charged; and in an action on a contract, that the defendant was a party to it. Sometimes, too, a party who has been absent, and who appears to claim an inheritance, must prove his identity and, not unfrequently, the body of a person which has been found dead must be identified: cases occur when the body is much disfigured, and, at other times, there is nothing left but the skeleton. Cases of considerable difficulty arise, in consequence of the omission to take particular notice; 2 Stark. Car. 239 Ryan's Med. Jur. 301; and in consequence of the great resemblance of two persons. 1 Hall's Am. Law Journ. 70; 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 509; 1 Paris, Med. Jur, 222; 3 Id. 143; Trail. Med. Jur. 33; Fodere, Med. Leg. ch. 2, tome 1, p. 78-139.
     3. In cases of larceny, trover, replevin, and the like, the things in dispute must always be identified. Vide 4 Bl. Com. 396.
     4. M. Briand, in his Manuel Complet de Medicine Legale, 4eme partie, ch. 1, gives rules for the discovery of particular marks, which an individual may have had, and also the true color of the hair, although it may have been artificially colored. He also gives some rules for the purpose of discovering, from the appearance of a skeleton, the sex, the age, and the height of the person when living, which he illustrates by various examples. See, generally, 6 C. & P 677; 1 C. & M. 730; 3 Tyr. 806; Shelf. on Mar. & Div. 226; 1 Hagg. Cons. R. 189; Best on Pres. Appx. case 4; Wills on Circums. Ev. 143, et seq.

References in periodicals archive ?
It was then that we probed about his identity card.
The National Identity Card used at current will be changed into an Electronic National Identity Card, said the government.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- An opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) deputy chairman has submitted parliamentary questions directed at Interior Minister Efkan Ala, asking whether the Turkish government issued identity cards to members of the Free Syrian Army (FSA).
Later NARDAs on the basis of automatic system should make access to the accuseds national identity cards provide data to the police.
27 ( ANI ): In a major move, residents of Assam received their voter identity cards for the first time, who otherwise used to carry other documents on polling day to vote.
He complained they travelled on insecure routes and spent 400 afghanis as transport fare to reach the provincial capital, but they were denied issuing national identity cards in one day.
The second Syrian man, 22, attempted to board the plane ten minutes later using an Italian identity card.
We found the soldier's identity card only tens of meters away from one of the torched cars, which means the Israeli army was involved in the attack.
The adoption of the programme is based on the edict issued by the GCC Supreme Committee to consider the identity card as personal identity evidence on the go and travel between the GCC Countries.
This also corresponded to the launch of the German national identity card (80 million contactless cards to be rolled out) and to the announcement of a parliamentary bill in France to launch a contact and contactless identity card, corresponding, like the German card, to the European IAS (Identification Authentication Signature) specifications.
The technology allows for the possibility to sign documents by means of an electronic signature in the bank's electronic banking system Eta Bankas; electronic signature certificates are therein contained in a Personal Identity Card of the individual at the Republic of Lithuania.