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This evolution in Republican Party ideology, becoming relatively more interventionist under Bush, and the corresponding change in the Democratic Party, becoming relatively less interventionist, is just one of numerous instances in American political history of the two major parties changing their positions, rhetoric, and ideologies with regard to foreign policy.
In the 19th and 20th centuries ideologies of Marxism, Fascism and even Nazism were proved as a false thinking that were used merely as tools to build and maintain hegemony or to counter one another to rule the world.
The world needs to see India as an exporter of moderate Islam and not as an importer if extremist ideologies within Islam from outside," Ashraf added.
This is far from the only theory of economics to be raised to ideology status--some notable economically-based ideologies include mercantilism, mixed economy, social Darwinism, communism, laissez-faire economics, free trade, ecologism, Islamic fundamentalism, etc.
But distorted as ideologies they will only serve to corrupt and misguide us all in the service of those who use them as instruments for accumulation of power and wealth.
Nonetheless clash of ideologies in Pakistan can generate a war so lethal that can spread on streets and amongst the layman.
In line with Piketty (1995) and Benabou and Ok (2001), Benabou (2008) argues theoretically that societies can embrace ideologies leading to equilibrium associated with inappropriate public responses to market failures.
Drawing on field research, organizational psychologists explore how ideologies and belief systems can create opportunities for diversity to flourish in organizations or can restrict and stigmatize diversity.
But the union of these two apparently opposed narratives is in fact a demonstration of a feature of ideology that philosophers Ernst Bloch, Karl Mannheim and Paul Ricoeur revealed: that contrary to classic Marxist doctrine, all ideologies have a utopian element, without which they have no power of legitimation.
At the root of extremism are radical ideologies, radical religious beliefs and pent-up anger and frustration, all of which can lead to violent acts ranging from hate crimes to terrorism.
Is it different with the political ideologies of our world, we must now ask.
In the Downsian conception, ideologies are therefore a mean through which parties, considered teams of people who strive to obtain control of the governmental apparatus through accession to power by way of free and fair elections (14), are trying to achieve their constitutive purpose.