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A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.


n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)


(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.


(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
The basic customs import duty on Anthracite Coal is 2.
The National Treasury consulted with relevant stakeholders with a view to assess the impact on food prices, on upstream and downstream industries of the proposed increase in the import duty on wheat and wheaten flour, as well as the appropriateness of the current formula.
Import duty and GST on handsets would also encourage smuggling of mobile phones which caused a huge revenue loss to the national exchequer but also crippled regular retail trade in the domestic market.
According to the information of the first six months of introducing the measure of reduced import duty on sugar, production has gone up and the export of biscuits, cookies and waffles has increased by one-third.
INCREASING sales in India's domestic knitwear market, improving local manufacturing and the country's high import duty has prompted international brands, such as Marks & Spencer and DKNY to abandon or reduce imports and source their products locally.
Besides this, it gives the import duty of India from the year 2005 to the year 2009 on a single interface.
He said hike in General Sales Tax to 17 percent is an indirect burden on the poor of the country besides increase in import duty on essential items will hurt the dollar rupee parity to the importers.
Summary: DUBAI: Saudi Arabia has lifted the import duty on steel rebar in order to ease a shortage in the kingdom as prices rise for rebar feedstock, a Trade and Industry Ministry spokesman said on Monday.
EAC governments should either provide alternative sources of cheaper energy to make the industry competitive, or increase import duty on cement to protect domestic producers," Charles Mbogori, the EABC's executive director said.
March 30 - The Vietnam Government has reduced its import duty on Monosodium glutamate (MSG) by 4% with effect from March 20, FLEXNEWS has learned.
There was an import duty of up to 150 percent on rice, potato and kinnow in Iran, which has now been removed.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-19 July 2007-Olicom A/S wins import duty case in EC Court(C)1994-2007 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.