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A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.


n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)


(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.


(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
The high import duty was imposed last year and though it helped narrow the country's trade deficit, it now threatens to encourage smuggling, according to a Reuters report.
The government's decision to lift the steel import duty will cut costs and increase imports in order to meet the growing demand in the local market," said Said Al-Shaikh, chief economist at the Jeddah-based National Commercial Bank.
EAC governments should either provide alternative sources of cheaper energy to make the industry competitive, or increase import duty on cement to protect domestic producers," Charles Mbogori, the EABC's executive director said.
March 30 - The Vietnam Government has reduced its import duty on Monosodium glutamate (MSG) by 4% with effect from March 20, FLEXNEWS has learned.
For hot rolled coil the import duty is now 13 per cent, up from the previous 5 per cent; CRC goes up from 6 per cent to 14 per cent; pre-painted is 15 per cent, up from the previous 12 per cent; and for hot-dip galvanised the duty has been raised from 14 per cent to 15 per cent, it said.
There was an import duty of up to 150 percent on rice, potato and kinnow in Iran, which has now been removed.
China will reduce the import duty on copper scrap in 2006.
Additionally, the BOI approved a broader scope of import duty exemptions for eligible projects located in Zone 2 and 3 industrial estates as follows:
Car dealers termed the import duty cut as a mere eye wash as it is a step to just change the behaviour of local assemblers instead of encouraging car imports.
Under the agreement, Macedonian wine exporters will be able to sell 300,000 hectolitres of still and sparkling wine free of import duty in the EU each year.
Drexler Technology Corporation (Nasdaq:DRXR) has received a $100,000 order for 10,000 LaserCard optical memory cards plus read/write devices and fingerprint biometric sensors to be used by an eastern Mediterranean government for import duty collection and the approval, certification, and licensing of the importation of chemical products used by consumers.
Customs officials also seized celebratory gold plaques marking the $1 million worth in sales of their Something New LP, released in the US, after the group failed to pay import duty on the items, documents released today at the Public Records Office showed.