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In a recent important contribution to our understanding of the relation between intransitive and transitive members of a verb pair, and more specifically of verb pairs consisting of inchoative and causative, Haspelmath (1993), itself an elaboration of Nedjalkov (1969), proposes a methodology for investigating such pairs and draws a number of typological conclusions.
Based on Kennedy and Levin's analysis and the facts presented (in an abbreviated manner) in (15)-(21), it can be argued that all and only members of the inactive, inchoative, and positional verb stem classes encode state change.
Finally, like all inactive, inchoative, and positional verbs, degree achievement verbs may incorporate the universal quantifier laah, which active intransitives never do:
Turning now to grammatical properties directly sensitive to state change semantics, note first of all that degree achievement stems include inchoative stems, which are overtly derived from stative roots by a suffix--tal (cf.
15% of all inactive or inchoative stems tested showed degree achievement properties, and the actual percentage of degree achievements in these two classes could well be higher, as the study was not designed with the distinction between discrete vs.
18) Some inchoative degree achievement verbs that behave atelically in (15)
But as shown in Section 5, the inactive and inchoative classes regularly include "degree achievement" verbs among their members.
The latter is the case with "degree achievement" verbs, found regularly in the inactive and inchoative classes.
17) lists some inactive stems encoding degree achievements that were attested to behave atelically according to (15); (18) adds some inchoative stems.
It is argued in Section 5 that inactive, inchoative, and positional stems encode state changes, and that this semantic property is reflected in their morphosyntactic behavior, including (at least indirectly) their linking properties.
K & W (1999) argue that active stems lexicalize processes, while inactive, positional, and inchoative stems denote discrete state changes.
or -]perf] is argued to be carried by the completive status suffixes, (19) and at the same time, inactive, inchoative, and positional verb stems are said to be lexically specified for [[+ or -]perf] (ignoring the fact that inchoative and positional verbs are overtly marked for both status categories).