Fourth Circuit Public Defender, where incumbent
Matt Shirk faces William Charles "Chuck" Fletcher.
Paul Holvey was leading challenger Simone Gordon, 72 percent to 28 for House District 8.
A possible upset was in the works in the Keppel Union School District, where incumbent
In Ohio's first congressional district, Democrat John Cranley, a Cincinnati city council member who helped pass a measure to protect gays from discrimination, is running a tight race against antigay Republican incumbent
Of the last five incumbent
presidents booted from office--Bush I, Carter, Ford, Herbert Hoover, and William Howard Taft--only one was able to garner over 200 electoral votes, and three of these defeated incumbents
didn't even cross the 100 electoral-vote threshold:
Political veterans acknowledge the objection process has long been the easiest way for incumbents
to win re-election.
Rather than attempting to distinguish predatory practices from legal competitive practices, in this article we determine the entrant characteristics and strategies, incumbent
characteristics, and market characteristics that govern incumbent
carrier reactions, be they predatory or legal.
OLS estimation confirms the conventional view that incumbent
spending has a lower marginal effect than challenger spending, while TSLS estimation shows the marginal effects of spending by challenger and incumbent
to be both statistically equivalent and substantively important.
This helps explain why over 90 percent of incumbents
have won reelection in every year since 1974.
Tenure provides voters with knowledge of the incumbent
's position and the incumbent
with political capital.
In the race for a three-year Board of Selectman seat, incumbent
Brian Patacchiola announced last week he would not be seeking re-election (see story, this page).