indicia


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Related to indicia: indicium

Indicia

Signs; indications. Circumstances that point to the existence of a given fact as probable, but not certain. For example, indicia of partnership are any circumstances which would induce the belief that a given person was in reality, though not technically, a member of a given firm.

The term is much used in Civil Law in a sense nearly or entirely synonymous with Circumstantial Evidence. It denotes facts that give rise to inferences, rather than the inferences themselves.

indicia

n. (in-dish-yah) from Latin for "signs," circumstances which tend to show or indicate that something is probable. It is used in the form of "indicia of title," or "indicia of partnership," particularly when the "signs" are items like letters, certificates, or other things that one would not have unless the facts were as the possessor claimed. (See: circumstantial evidence)

indicia

noun characteristic marks, characteristics, expressions, features, hints, indications, marks, means of recognition, signs, symbols, tokens
Associated concepts: indicia of ownership

INDICIA, civil law. Signs, marks. Example: in replevin, the chattel must possess indicia, or earmarks, by which it can be distinguished from all others of the same description. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3556. This term is very nearly synonymous with the common law phrase, "circumstantial evidence." It was used to designate the facts giving rise to the indirect inference, rather than the inference itself; as, for example, the possession of goods recently stolen, vicinity to the scene of the crime, sudden change in circumstances or conduct, &c. Mascardus, de Prob. lib. 1, quaest. 15; Dall. Dict. Competence Criminelle, 92, 415; Morin, Dict. du Droit Criminal, mots Accusation, Chambre du Conseil.
     2. Indicia may be defined to be conjectures, which result from circumstances not absolutely necessary and certain, but merely probable, and which may turn out not to be true, though they have the appearance of truth. Denisart, mot Indices. See Best on Pres. 13, note f.
     3. However numerous indicia may be, they only show that a thing may be, not that it has been. An indicium, can have effect only when a connexion is essentially necessary with the principal. Effects are known by their causes, but only when the effects can arise only from the causes to which they. are attributed. When several causes may have produced one and the same effect, it is, therefore, unreasonable to attribute it to any one of such causes. A combination of circumstances sometimes conspire against an innocent person, and, like mute witnesses, depose against him. There is danger in such cases, that a jury may be misled; their minds prejudiced, their indignation unduly excited, or their zeal seduced. Under impressions thus produced, they may forget their true relation to the accused, and condemn a man whom they would have acquitted had they required that proof and certainty which the law demands. See D'Aguesseau, Oeuvres, vol. xiii. p. 243. See Circumstances.

References in periodicals archive ?
MCG designed Indicia for Admission Support to help hospitals identify diagnoses presenting the highest risk of a short-stay audit, particularly for the Medicare population.
Scrambled Indicia, like all covert features, requires a tool to be checked," said Thomas C.
Applying those indicia here, the following facts are clearly undisputed: A did not serve as an officer or board member of M; he did not participate in M's day-to-day management; and he did not have the authority to hire or fire employees.
As can be seen from the foregoing examples, an independent contractor relationship can be found even where indicia of employment are present.
com), the world's leader in innovative, eco-friendly mailing products and solutions is proud to announce that the United States Postal Service has approved the first 2-Way postage Indicia for mailers.
based Indicia Group Limited (Indicia), to develop and provide new services.
30, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- MCG has certified integrations of Indicia for Case Management 3.
Indicia For A Garment With A Dual Fastening System: No, 7,654,994; Paula Winkel, Timothy Probst, Kellie Goodrich and Joseph Fell, assignors to Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
Graphic Security Systems Corporation (GSSC) and 3M have signed a reseller agreement that grants 3M worldwide nonexclusive sales rights to offer GSSC's proprietary Scrambled Indicia technology within the passport and ID markets.
Tests consistently show that, for consumer mailings, a live stamp out-pulls any other type of indicia.
Qualified indicia of property ownership are held at all times from the acquisition date until the transfer date by an EAT that is not the taxpayer or a disqualified person.
The John Wayne name, image, and likeness and all related indicia are intellectual property of Wayne Enterprises.