indigent

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indigent

1) n. a person so poor and needy that he/she cannot provide the necessities of life (food, clothing, decent shelter) for himself/herself. 2) n. one without sufficient income to afford a lawyer for defense in a criminal case. If the court finds a person is an indigent, the court must appoint a public defender or other attorney to represent him/her. This Constitutional right of counsel for the indigent was determined by Gideon v. Wainright in 1963, when a penciled letter from a prisoner came to the attention of prominent Washington attorney Abe Fortas, who carried the case to the Supreme Court for free. Fortas later became an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. 3) adj. referring to a person who is very poor and needy.

See: bankrupt, destitute, impecunious, penurious, poor
References in periodicals archive ?
1st District, Camarines Sur), is entitled "An Act providing pre-employment privilege to indigents by granting discount on fees in securing pre-employment certifications and clearances from government agencies.
The year after The Other Face of Justice, the NIJ released another report called Cost of Providing Defense Services for Indigents Accused in Ohio.
If states opt out of Medicaid in order to create a bare-bones indigent care system that only pays for the cost of acute care for indigents in compliance with EMTALA, the savings realized ($68.
First, public defender organizations are staffed by government attorneys who represent virtually all of the indigents in the jurisdiction.
Currently, Massachusetts has about 250 staff lawyers, enough for only 10 percent of the caseload involving indigents.
Although the Court's mandates to provide counsel to indigents charged with felonies and misdemeanors led to a rapid increase in criminal defense work, the Court provided no guidance or models for organizing or funding the states' indigent criminal defense systems.
May 4 /PRNewswire/ -- NetChemistry in conjunction with ELM Technologies, today announced that the Orange County Health Care Agency (OCHCA) has electronically linked all major hospitals in Orange County, CA using their ER Connect platform, an online patient health information database for the Medical Services for Indigents (MSI) Program.
Lott said some cities, such as Glendale, have developed innovative programs giving hotel vouchers to indigents who are released from the hospital.
94) Instead, the court remanded the case with instructions for the trial court to apply a "rebuttable presumption that indigents are not receiving assistance of counsel sufficiently effective to meet constitutionally required standards.
3) Though government sponsored legal services, public interest law offices and organizations, and pro bono programs at private firms provide legal services to indigent clients, the legal services provided to indigents in civil cases fall far short of the number that are provided to people who are able to pay for legal help.
The FTC charged that, as a result of these actions, indigents in the three municipalities were unable to obtain dental care.
This is particularly true for emergency departments having especially acute loss potential because of the volume of care provided to indigents.