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Rather, it includes all inelastic energy consumption around the fault plane, such as secondary faults (22) and inelastic deformation, (23) and should be referred to as breakdown work, (24) or more generally, as seismological fracture energy.
Evaluation of inelastic deformation capacity of beams subjected to cyclic loading, ACI Structural Journal 107(5): 507-515.
Three characteristic features of the model are to be mentioned: (i) strain energy density is presented as the sum of mechanical energies stored in individual chains and the energy of their interaction with crystallites, (ii) the plastic strain tensor is split into the sum of two components that reflect inelastic deformations in the crystalline and amorphous phases, and (iii) damage accumulation under cyclic deformation is thought of as a two-step process that involves lamellar fragmentation and alignment of broken lamellar pieces along the direction of loading.
The sequence of member yielding, inelastic deformation of critical members, maximum interstorey drifts and the possible collapse mechanisms of the buildings can be determined based on pushover analysis results.
For this group, a 50 percent increase in load produced a 360 percent increase in permanent deflection, because joints subjected to the ultimate impact experienced large inelastic deformations while the load was at the spike maximum.
Boyce, "Large Inelastic Deformation of Glassy Polymers," in Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, USA (1986).
In the case of long-term inelastic deformation, the complexity of the solution is due to the necessity of storing a large body of data and performing extensive computations to allow for the deformation history.
In fact, adequate material and structural design is necessary for polymeric systems to exhibit SM behavior, that is, to restore the temporarily fixed residual inelastic deformation once reheated to the rubbery state.
Epoxy glass is often subjected to inelastic deformation as in the case where the surface plates are tightly bolted to framework.