Most of the literature on men and masculinity that is concerned with the men's movement or personal change in relation to white heterosexual men emphasises men's emotional inexpressiveness.
Much attention is also given in this literature to the toll that emotional inexpressiveness has on men.
Taking a fear of inexpressiveness as a sense of suffocation, we have the fear of death from breathing presented as a fear of being buried alive within the casing of the body.
But this fear of inexpressiveness has, as said, a twin in a fear of expressiveness, of what speech exposes me to, of my betrayals of myself (oozing, as Freud puts it, out of every pore of my behavior and my words).
Feeling that you are not in good physical condition") and the Emotional Inexpressiveness
The second factor, stoic, conveys an individual's expectation that men should display emotional strength, toughness and inexpressiveness
in social situations, and is comprised of three items.
Clinical theory and observation have generally converged on the following about the boyhood disidentification experience: This process often tends to be highly hurtful, painful, even traumatizing, can lead to feelings of confusion, ambivalence, anxiety, sadness, fear, anger, and shame, and by means of relational rupture, can lay the substrate for a lifetime of potential relationship problems for the boy come man--including (though not limited to) interpersonal distrust, distancing, disconnection, isolation, emotional repression, and emotional inexpressiveness
(Diamond, 2004a, 2004b, 2006, 2009; Greenson, 1968; Pollack, 1995a, 1995b; Ross, 1986; Siegel, 1992; Tyson & Tyson, 1990).
Other studies have researched how GRC relates to personal qualities that suggest stress or interpersonal problems (Berko, 1994; Bruch, 2002; Bruch, Berko, & Haase, 1998) as well as higher levels of gender role stress and emotional inexpressiveness
(Davenport et al.
Following the predictions of the gender role strain model, many men would be unlikely to enter therapeutic or consciousness-raising groups because of the potential challenges toward help-seeking, emotional inexpressiveness
and homophobia which men's groups may present.
The pressure men tend to place on themselves reflects stressful experiences around (a) physical inadequacy, (b) emotional inexpressiveness
, (c) subordination to women, (d) intellectual inferiority, and (e) performance failure.
can have both direct and indirect effects on their health and well-being.
In particular, emotional inexpressiveness
has been associated with marital problems, alcohol abuse, workplace stress, reluctance to seek counseling, poor health habits, the use of violence, Type A behavior, loneliness, low use of social support networks, and sexual difficulties for men (Eisler & Blalock, 1991; Gordon & Meth, 1990; Pasick, Gordon, & Meth, 1990).