Infanticide

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INFANTICIDE, med. juris. The murder of a new born infant, Dalloz, Dict. Homicide, Sec. 4; Code Penal, 300. There is a difference between this offence and those known by the name of prolicide, (q.v.) and foeticide. (q.v.)
     2. To commit infanticide the child must be wholly born; it is not. Sufficient that it was born so far as the head and breathed, if it died before it was wholly born. 5 Carr. & Payn. 329; 24 Eng. C. L. Rep. 344; S. C. 6 Carr: & Payn. 349; S. C. 25 Eng. C. L. Rep. 433.
     3. When this crime is to be proved from circumstances, it is proper to consider whether the child had attained that size and maturity by which it would have been enabled to maintain an independent existence; whether it was born alive; and, if born alive, by what means it came to its death. 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 331 to 428, where these several questions are learnedly considered. See also 1 Briand, Med Leg. prem. part. c. 8 Cooper's Med. Jur. h.t. Vide Ryan's Med. Jur. 137; Med. Jur. 145, 194; Dr. Cummin's Proof of Infanticide considered Lecieux, Considerations Medico-legales sur l'Infanticide; Duvergie, Medicine Legale, art. Infanticide.

References in periodicals archive ?
and in the past generally committed infanticide due to fears of social
studies of American infanticide, in turn a crucial aspect in modern
were not a monolithic bloc: infanticide divided the profession both
188) Most infanticides by parents do not present these pressures or opportunities because they fail to attract sustained public attention.
The Smith case is even more instructive than the Yates case in highlighting the difficulty a prosecutor can face in prosecuting infanticides.
Department of Justice annual statistics may be taken as establishing the lower bound; BJS reports between 550 and slightly less than 800 infanticides homicides of children under five per annum over the ten year period from 1991 to 2000.
Part II of this comment provides the historical background of infanticide and traces the development of postpartum depression research.
41) Moreover, recent research supports the assertion that the clinical aspects of postpartum depression, particularly seen in post-partum psychosis cases, may help to explain why women kill their children in some cases, and that these conditions could potentially serve to mitigate sentences in infanticide cases.
In Roman Britain infanticide has sometimes been suggested as a possible explanation for the finding of infant burials outside recognizable cemetery areas, on villa and settlement sites (discussion in Merrifield 1987: 51; Watts 1989; Collis 1977).
The interpretations of infant burials as evidence for infanticide in Roman Britain simply because they were interments outside recognizable cemetery or 'religious' areas is somewhat speculative, as ethnographic evidence shows that in many societies infants may be accorded different burial treatment from the rest of the population (Ucko 1969; O.
Infanticide in our present society seems to be an anachronism, given our relative wealth and the widespread options for women seeking to avoid pregnancy or parenting.
To date, my research on infanticide has consisted of collecting stories from the media about mothers who kill their children, and fleshing them out as completely as possible by tracing their resolution through subsequent news stories, and also through the legal system.