inferior court


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Inferior Court

This term may denote any court subordinate to the chief appellate tribunal in the particular judicial system (e.g., trial court); but it is also commonly used as the designation of a court of special, limited, or statutory jurisdiction, whose record must show the existence and attaching of jurisdiction in any given case.

inferior court

a court oflimited jurisdiction
References in periodicals archive ?
directed to the judge and parties of a suit in any inferior court, commanding them to cease from the prosecution thereof .
70) Certiorari was used to remove indictments "from any inferior court of criminal jurisdiction" into the King's Bench, and was granted "as a matter of right" when claimed by the prosecutor].
Simply put, if at the time of the procedural default, the law of a superior court that governed the inferior court before which the defendant appeared unquestionably would have foreclosed a particular legal claim, then it makes absolutely no sense in law or logic to subject the claim to any type of restrictive review on direct appeal (i.
Third, review of deportation orders is akin to the review of decisions of an inferior court at common law.
102) Given that Article III on its face commits the creation of inferior federal courts to Congress's discretion, (103) the Exceptions Clause could be understood to permit Congress to avoid vesting some of the judicial power simply by excepting certain cases or controversies from the Supreme Court's appellate jurisdiction and then declining to create inferior courts with jurisdiction over those matters.
Article III, Section 1 provides: "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
In very brief summary, the Court was telling the inferior courts that, as the most direct and immediate source of pertinent federal power in the matter, they had to change the society in which they functioned from one in which structure and politics depended on the systematic subjugation of African Americans, to one in which there was equality, or at least the opportunity for equality, regardless of race, in all institutions and aspects of society controlled by the state.
If the separate office of Supreme Court Justice had not been established, federal judges sitting on the inferior courts of the United States could have been randomly assigned to the Supreme Court for short periods,, such as six months or a year.
The whole judicial power of the United States is "vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
With the use of hindsight, I choose the second sentence of Section 1 of Article III: "The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good behaviour.