Keywords: Interlocking directorates, board of directors, supervisory board.
Studies concerning interlocking directorates have been carried out over many years, and during this time some theories have been proposed to explain the reasons for this phenomenon.
Stearns, 1988, "A Longitudinal Study of the Formation of Interlocking Directorates
," Administrative Science Quarterly 33, 194-210.
In chapter 2 a descriptive analysis is performed for capital networks and interlocking directorates
in six countries: Germany, Britain, France, Switzerland, Netherlands, and the United States.
Since it is unclear if existing theories of interlocking directorates
are generalizable outside of the non-Anglo-American context, this study seeks to understand the phenomenon of board interlocks and their relationship to firm performance in an emerging Asian economy, namely Singapore.
Hunter's simultaneous service on the boards of competitors Penford and Hercules appears to be a clear violation of the prohibition of interlocking directorates
and officers as stated in Section 8 of the Clayton Act, 15 U.
Despite extensive documentation and periodic popular complaints, the existence of interlocking directorates
among large corporations has not generated much concern across a wide segment of American business and society.
Although Zajac's data are indicative for interlocking directorates
among competing firms, the opposite may well hold for interlocks among cooperating organizations such as EDOs.
Stipulate that this committee has only outside directors, none of whom is "beholden" in any way to the company or CEO, and none of whom has interlocking directorates
NRES and VAOM may be deemed as affiliates due to their interlocking directorates
, common shareholders and business relationships.
Key components of governance include the absence of anti-takeover devices, the requirement that all directors stand for election every year, the fact that 15 of the 16 directors are independent, the absence of interlocking directorates
, and entirely independent assessment of CEO performance.
Such an election would result in a violation of Section 8 of the Clayton Act, which prohibits interlocking directorates